In vitro fertility (IVF) is a fertilization process where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body. It is an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) used for infertility treatment and gestational surrogacy. This process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulation process, removing an ovum or ova (eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a laboratory.

In vitro fertility and other fertility treatments are huge improvements to the rates of infertility  in the world today. Although, various causes of infertility has to be ruled out before an individual or couples can be considered infertile. Infertility is when you can not get pregnant after having unprotected, regular sex for six months to one year, depending on your age. However, couples may not be able to conceive and this may not be medically related. At EL-RAPHA we have noticed over time through consultations with patients and research that there are non-health related circumstances that may lead to infertility in couples.


   An unhealthy weight can affect fertility in both men and women, a healthy body needs little amount of fat for proper functioning of the reproductive, hormonal and immune systems. Over weight or obesity refers to the body weight that is greater than what is considered healthy for a certain height. Hormonal imbalances and problems with ovulation(the release of egg from the ovaries) may lead to infertility in a woman with an unhealthy weight. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common cause of infertility can also be as a result of obesity.

   Men who are overweight may not be able to develop healthy sperm. For couples trying to conceive, if the man is overweight, he will have to reach a more healthy weight at least three months before conception.


 This is an uncontrollable consumption of alcohol which does not only affect fertility but also many other health related issues. Drinking alcohol may increase the time it takes to get pregnant and reduces the chances of having a healthy baby. For men, alcoholism reduces sex drive (libido), sexual performance and the quality of sperm, causing impotency.


There are various risks of smoking, ranging from heart, vascular and lung disease to infertility. Smoking can lead to infertility in both men and women, and this is twice the rate of infertility in nonsmokers. Fertility treatments such as IVF may not be able to fully overcome the effects of smoking on fertility. There is no safe limit for smoking, the only way is to quit. Quitting smoking can improve fertility in both men and women.

 It is important to note that making some lifestyle changes may increase chances of conception but also consulting a fertility clinic like EL-RAPHA, we will create an even better chance. EL-RAPHA offers a highly professional fertility medical team that can pin point the actual cause of infertility in couples and we also offer quality, affordable and specific solutions to help couples conceive.


Bacterial Vaginosis(BV) is a condition that occurs when there is too much of a certain bacteria in the vagina. I.e It is the overgrowth of a particular bacteria in the vagina.

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It is a very common vaginal infection especially in women between the ages of 17 and 44.


•Having BV can increase your chances of getting other STDs.
•BV rarely affects women who have never had sex.
•You cannot get BV from toilet seats, beddings, or swimming pools.

•The infection does not get passed on to male sexual partners.

Most of the time, BV doesn’t cause any other health problems. But it can lead to other issues, especially when you’re pregnant or trying to get pregnant.


Not every woman with BV has symptoms but the most common is a change in vaginal discharge.

• A thin white or gray vaginal discharge;
• Pain, itching, or burning in the vagina;
• A strong fish-like odor, especially after sex

• Burning when urinating;
• Itching around the outside of the vagina.


BV occurs when the acidity of the vagina changes. The most common causes are:
• Using perfumed soap to wash the vagina, when you often use vaginal deodorants, douching (washing out your vagina) – all these upsets the natural balance of bacteria

• When semen enters the vagina
– sexual intercourse without a condom

• Using strong detergents to wash your underwear
• Using an IUD (intra-uterine contraceptive device – a “coil”)


The cause of BV is unknown. It is however, known to typically occur in sexually active women. BV is linked to an imbalance of “good” and “harmful” bacteria that are normally found in a woman’s vagina.

Having a new sex partner or multiple sex partners places a woman at increased risk for getting BV.


You need to check in with your gynaecologist.

 The diagnosis of BV is made by looking at a specimen of your vaginal discharge under a microscope, and from the examination by your doctor.

Treatment is often easy. You will be prescribed antibiotic tablets, gel or cream to put inside the vagina. It is always important that you finish the course of treatment, even if your symptoms disappear before you’re done with the medications prescribed by your doctor. If you use an IUD and BV keeps coming back (recurrent BV), you may want to talk to your doctor about a different type of birth control instead.