A laparoscopy is a form of minimally invasive surgery. It gives a surgeon access to the inside of the abdomen and pelvis without the surgeon having to make large incisions in the abdomen. In gynecology a laparoscopy is used to diagnose and treat a range of diseases.

During a laparoscopy, a long thin tube with a high intensity light and a high resolution camera at the front called a LAPAROSCOPE is inserted in the abdomen. The laparoscope is inserted through an incision the abdomen. This incision is usually approximately 0.5 inches. The camera and high intensity light at the front of the laparoscope allows the surgeon to see inside the abdomen and the pelvis.


A laparoscopy can help to;

  • Diagnose and treat endometriosis, chronic pelvic pains and pelvic inflammatory diseases.
  • Diagnose causes of infertility
  • Treat urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse
  • Evaluate cancer of the ovary, uterus and cervix.

A laparoscopy can also be used to visualize organ damage.


A laparoscopy offers some benefits over normal open surgery. A laparoscopy is less painful than an open surgery. The incisions made are very minimal which reduces pain. Patients recover much faster after a laparoscopy than after normal open surgery. Recovery time takes between a day to a week depending on the reason for the surgery, patient and a few other factors. A laparoscopy also reduces the risk of infection. The small sizes of the incision reduces the chances of bacterial infections. Due to less time spent in the hospital, laparoscopy can also be cheaper than its open surgery counterpart.

Laparoscopy was first developed in the 1970s and the huge advances in technology has seen the procedure to become as effective as normal open surgery. Healthcare professionals around the world that minimally invasive surgeries such laparoscopy is the future of surgery.

At EL-RAPHA Hospitals and Diagnostics, with the latest in medical equipment and a host of experienced doctors and nurses, we offer laparoscopy as well as a range of other minimally invasive surgeries.