IVF Process: 4 Steps to Getting Pregnant

Are you having problems getting pregnant? Then you may wonder if in vitro fertilization (IVF) is right for you in one of the best hospital in Nigeria. Many women find pregnancy success after trying IVF. If you are ready to learn more, check out the four primary steps you can expect during the in vitro fertilization process.

Step 1: Ovulation Induction
Before and during the in vitro fertilization process, your fertility specialist will monitor your ovaries and the timing of the egg release. The doctor will make sure that your ovaries are producing eggs, and that your hormone levels are normal, among other procedures.

Most women take fertility medicines or hormones at this time to stimulate the ovaries to produce one or more eggs. Having several eggs available for IVF will increase the chances that you will get pregnant.

If you cannot produce any eggs, talk to your doctor about donor eggs for the IVF process.

Step 2: Egg Retrieval
During this step in the IVF process, pain medication is given to reduce any discomfort. Then a very thin needle is passed through the upper vaginal wall. With the use of vaginal ultrasound, fluid is removed from the follicles under gentle suction.

Immediately after aspiration of the follicle, the oocyte (egg) is isolated from the follicular fluid. The egg is placed in a culture dish containing nutrient media and then transferred to the incubator.

Step 3: Fertilization
The next step of the IVF process is the fertilization of the egg. A sperm sample is secured, either from your partner or a donor, and the most active sperm is mixed with the egg in a special chamber. Sometimes the sperm is directly injected into the egg. Then, the sperm and egg are placed in an incubator and monitored to make sure that a healthy embryo develops.

Step 4: Embryo Transfer and Implantation
The final step of the IVF process is the embryo transfer. First, the embryos are examined to select the healthiest ones for transfer. To transfer the embryo(s), a speculum is placed into your vagina and the embryo(s) are transferred via a small plastic tube placed through the cervix into the uterine cavity.  After the IVF process is complete, bed rest is often advised for around 24 hours.

cost of ivf in national hospital abuja


Perhaps, you have been booked to have a hysterectomy or your surgeon has hinted at it being an option of treatment for your symptoms, this blogpost answers some of the questions you might have.

If you have further questions, leave a comment down below.


 An abdominal hysterectomy is an invasive surgical procedure in which the uterus is removed, sometimes with the cervix, ovaries, ligaments and the fallopian tubes through a horizontal incision made in the lower abdomen which is 6 to 8 inches long.

The opening in the abdomen gives the surgeon easy access of the pelvic organs. In some cases, however, if the uterus is too large or bulky, a vertical incision may be made, providing the surgeon a greater access to the abdominal cavity.


There are various reasons why your doctor might have recommended a hysterectomy. Some of them are :

• Period problems such as heavy or irregular periods

• Fibroids

• Suspected or proven cancer of the womb or cervix

•A larger than normal uterus
•Chronic uterine infection
•Severe pain associated with menopause


There are three types of hysterectomy

Your surgeon will talk to you about the most appropriate and suitable type for you.

1. SUBTOTAL HYSTERECTOMY – In this, only the uterus is removed, the cervix (neck of the womb) is left in place.

There are several potential benefits of not taking out the cervix:

• The surgery is easier and quicker.
• The risk of damage to your bladder or ureters (tubes from your kidney to your bladder) during the operation is lower.
• The risk of you suffering a prolapse of the vagina in future is reduced.
• You will lose less blood during the surgery .
• You are likely to spend less time in hospital.
• You are less likely to develop a fever after your surgery.

There are, however, some possible disadvantages:

• You may still experience spotting every month – this occurs in about 6% of women
• The cervix is a potential site for cancer in the future and you will still need regular smears

2. TOTAL HYSTERECTOMY –  Here, both the uterus and the cervix are removed.

3. TOTAL HYSTERECTOMY WITH BILATERAL SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY– The uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries are all removed.

Your surgeon will discuss with you the advantages and disadvantages of removing your ovaries or leaving them in.


• You will not be able to get pregnant.
• You will no longer have monthly menstrual periods.
• You will no longer have to use contraceptives.
• It may be part of a continuing treatment or it may mean the end of a health problem.

 The benefits of having a hysterectomy depend on the type and severity of symptoms that you are having. Heavy periods for example will be cured by a total hysterectomy. However, other problems like pelvic pain may not be improved or cured by hysterectomy.

Although hysterectomy is a relatively safe operation and serious side effects are not very common, it is still major surgery. You and your doctor must together weigh the benefits and risks of surgery while also giving consideration to alternative treatments.


Depending on your circumstances, you may have been advised on alternative treatments first, such as drugs or more minor surgery. The choice of treatment depends on the nature and extent of your condition as well as personal factors.