Stomach pain during menstruation are quite common. Most females experience pains before or during menstrual periods. These cramps/pains can create so much discomfort that they might even interfere and hinder your daily activities.
Factors that might be associated with painful menstruation include:
•Endometriosis, a condition of abnormal growth of uterine tissue
•Having heavy blood flow
• Being under age 20 or just beginning of the menstrual period
• Never having had a baby
• Having the first child
• Reaching puberty before the age of 11
• Having irregular periods
• Overproduction of or sensitivity to prostaglandins, a hormone that affects the womb
• Use of birth control
Women with mild or temporary cramps can try home remedies for stomach pain during periods, however, it is not recommended when the pain is severe.
Home remedies for stomach pain during menstruations
According to a study conducted in 2010 on 23 women with pain due to endometriosis, it was found that massage therapy for about 20 minutes significantly helped in reducing the pain. Massaging with essential oils may provide some additional benefits.
Avoid certain foods
Food items that may cause water retention and bloating should be avoided. Some of them include fatty foods, carbonated beverages, high-sodium (salty) foods, alcohol, and caffeine. You can always find better alternatives. Avoiding these food items may help reduce cramps.
When to see a doctor
Home remedies may work for mild and temporary pain but it is highly recommended you see a doctor if it is severe and has started preventing you from doing your basic tasks.
See your doctor, if you experience any of the below-mentioned symptoms:
• Back-to-back three painful menstrual periods
• Constant severe pain
• Heavy bleeding
• Pelvic pain when not menstruating
• Cramping with diarrhoea and nausea
• OTC drugs or other home remedies do not work
• Passing blood clots
Besides these, if you feel sudden cramping or pelvic pain, it might be a sign of infection. If the infection is not treated in time, it can cause scar tissue that can affect pelvic organs and may create fertility issues. Some of the symptoms of an infection include fever, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and severe pelvic pain.
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