Infertility is the inability of a woman to get pregnant after trying for about 6 months to a year. The reason could be mild one where treatment could range from taking pills to minor surgery. In some cases, Assisted Reproductive Techniques would be required. Infertility affects both males and females.
CAUSES OF INFERTILITY
Some causes of infertility in females;
Failure to ovulate
This could be caused by stress, weight fluctuations or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Ovulation is the release of eggs by the ovaries. The eggs released by the ovaries has to be fertilized by the sperm for the female to be able to conceive. Without ovulation it is not possible for the female to get pregnant. Medications or infertility injections is used to solve failure to ovulate.
Endometriosis is caused by genetic factors. Other causes are problems with menstrual period flow, immune system problems, hormones, surgery etc. Laparoscopic surgery can treat most endometriosis cases.
Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths in the uterus. Uterine fibroids may prevent a fetus from growing fully due to decreased room in the womb. This could lead to a miscarriage. Hormonal medications, ultrasound therapy and surgery can effectively treat uterine fibroids.
Obstetric fistula is an abnormal opening between a woman’s genital tract and her urinary tract. It is one the major causes of maternal maternity. Obstetric fistula can be treated with minor surgery. Some causes of infertility in males;
Low sperm count
A male is said to have low sperm count if the sperm cells per ejaculation is less than 39 million cells. A simple sperm analysis can determine if the count is low. Surgery and treating infections can treat this challenge. In more serious cases, Assisted Reproductive Techniques would be required.
Variococele occurs when veins in the testes becomes enlarged. It can be treated surgically. In most cases of infertility, the underlying cause is minor. Once the cause is taken care of (by medications or surgically), the female may go ahead and have a natural pregnancy. In some cases however, special care is required when the cases are more serious.
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- El-Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics Plot #930 Salihu Iliyasu Street, Life Camp, Abuja, Nigeria.