Minimally Invasive Surgery in Nigeria

Minimally Invasive Surgery


Minimally Invasive Surgery also allow surgeons use techniques that reduces the size of incisions that they need to make. It is generally associated with less pain, fewer complications and shorter hospital stay. El-Rapha Hospitals offers Minimally Invasive Surgeries in cases that it is required.

In minimally invasive surgery, the doctors use a variety of techniques to operate with less damage to the body than with open surgery. Minimally invasive surgery is associated with less pain, a shorter hospital stay and fewer complications.

In traditional open surgery,  surgeons makes cut to see the part of your body that they’re operating on. In minimally invasive surgery,  surgeon uses small tools, cameras, and lights that fit through several tiny cuts in your skin. This allows surgeons to perform surgery  without opening a lot of skin and muscle.

This days, some minimally invasive surgeries are done with robotic technology that allows more precise control over the surgery. Other minimally invasive surgeries are done without robotic assistance.

Types of minimally invasive surgery

Surgeons perform many minimally invasive surgeries, including:

  • Adrenalectomy to remove one or both adrenal glands
  • Anti-reflux surgery, sometimes called hiatal hernia repair, to relieve gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Cancer surgery, for example, to destroy a tumor
  • Colectomy to remove parts of a diseased colon
  • Colon and rectal surgery
  • Ear, nose and throat surgery
  • Endovascular surgery to treat or repair an aneurysm
  • Gallbladder surgery (cholecystectomy) to remove gallstones that cause pain
  • Gastroenterologic surgery, including for gastric bypass
  • Gynecologic surgery
  • Heart surgery
  • Kidney transplant
  • Nephrectomy (kidney removal)
  • Neurosurgery
  • Orthopedic surgery
  • Splenectomy to remove the spleen
  • Thoracic surgery, such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)
  • Urologic surgery


Minimally invasive surgery uses smaller surgical incisions, and it’s generally less risky than traditional surgery. But even with minimally invasive surgery,
there are risks of complications with anesthesia, bleeding and infection

Laparoscopy — surgery done through one or more small incisions, using small tubes and tiny cameras and surgical instruments — was one of the first types of minimally invasive surgery. Another type of minimally invasive surgery is robotic surgery. It provides a magnified, 3-D view of the surgical site and helps the surgeon operate with precision, flexibility and control. Continual innovations in minimally invasive surgery make it beneficial for people with a wide range of conditions. If you need surgery and think you may be a candidate for this approach, talk with your doctor.

Breast feeding

World Breastfeeding Week

Breastfeeding is very natural, but it doesn’t always mean it’s intuitive or easy. ⁣⁣⁣It will take some trial and error for both you and the babe before you have it down. The key is to be patient and persistent. If you stick with it through 4-6 week mark, it will only get easier!⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣ As far as position goes, there is no right or wrong way to feed the baby and soon you’ll figure out how you are both most comfortable. ⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣Try one or all of these breastfeeding positions and remember as the baby grows this might change or evolve.




Gynecologists are doctors who specialize in women’s health with a focus on the female reproductive system. Females from at least 20 years of age should practice visiting a gynecologist regularly. Regular visits to a gynecologist is very important as it improves a woman’s sexual and overall health, and it also increases the chances of detecting sexual infections or diseases earlier.

You should consult a gynecologist if you notice;
  • Changes in your period. When sexually active females stop getting their period, it is usually a sign of pregnancy. A gynecologist can help you prepare for a healthy pregnancy. He may also refer you to an obstetrician. An obstetrician is a gynecologist that specializes in pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Irregular bleeding. You should visit a gynecologist immediately if you notice bleeding not associated with your period. Irregular bleeding could be a sign of injury to the cervix, uterine fibroids, cervical or uterine cancer. Detecting these cases early can increase chances of successful treatment.
  • Painful periods. Periods are usually uncomfortable. Headaches, cramps and soreness are just a few of the common menstruation symptoms. If your periods are too painful or you notice that the pains get worse over time, ensure you visit a gynecologist. It could be a sign of an underlying issue.

When visiting a gynecologist, it is important to be completely honest and answer every question as best as you can. It is normal to be a little nervous when visiting a gynecologist especially if it is your first time. However, keep in mind that gynecologists are medical professionals who want the best for you. Regular visits to one gynecologist will help to reduce nervousness and makes it easier to be open and honest.


The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), recommends that girls have their first gynecology exam when they are between the ages of 13 and 15. However, most Nigerian females have their first gynecology exam during their first pregnancy. This sheds light on the amount of neglect the gynecology field in Nigeria faces. A hysteroscopy is one of many gynecological procedures every female should undergo.


Hysteroscopy is a form of minimal invasive surgery. It is a procedure that allows a gynecologist see inside the female’s uterus in order to diagnose and treat different problems.

A tiny telescope, called a hysteroscope , is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. The hysteroscope allows the surgeon to visualize the inside of the uterine cavity on a video monitor.

Why do you need to go for a hysteroscopy?

A hysteroscopy can be performed to investigate problems such as

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Pelvic pains
  • Repeated miscarriages
  • Difficulty getting pregnant.

In 2017, the maiden edition of the Global Congress on Hysteroscopy took place in Spain. A group of world experts in the field of gynecology came together to discuss hysteroscopy. They deemed the procedure important enough to hold a congress about it, a congress that is now being held every two years!

Dr. Okohue Jude, an expert Obstetrician/Gynecologist, a minimal access surgeon and fertility expert, who was the West African Sub-region representative at the maiden edition of the Global Congress on Hysteroscopy, stated that Hysteroscopy should be a routine office procedure. Also a three year project conducted by Research-gate between January 2003 and December 2005 concluded that, Hysteroscopy is a valuable tool in the assessment of the uterine cavity.

This just goes to prove that a hysteroscopy is very important, which is why at EL-RAPHA Hospitals and Diagnostics, with the latest in medical equipments and a host of experienced doctors and nurses, we offer a host of gynecological services including hysteroscopy.