Minimally Invasive Surgery in Nigeria

Minimally Invasive Surgery


Minimally Invasive Surgery also allow surgeons use techniques that reduces the size of incisions that they need to make. It is generally associated with less pain, fewer complications and shorter hospital stay. El-Rapha Hospitals offers Minimally Invasive Surgeries in cases that it is required.

In minimally invasive surgery, the doctors use a variety of techniques to operate with less damage to the body than with open surgery. Minimally invasive surgery is associated with less pain, a shorter hospital stay and fewer complications.

In traditional open surgery,  surgeons makes cut to see the part of your body that they’re operating on. In minimally invasive surgery,  surgeon uses small tools, cameras, and lights that fit through several tiny cuts in your skin. This allows surgeons to perform surgery  without opening a lot of skin and muscle.

This days, some minimally invasive surgeries are done with robotic technology that allows more precise control over the surgery. Other minimally invasive surgeries are done without robotic assistance.

Types of minimally invasive surgery

Surgeons perform many minimally invasive surgeries, including:

  • Adrenalectomy to remove one or both adrenal glands
  • Anti-reflux surgery, sometimes called hiatal hernia repair, to relieve gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Cancer surgery, for example, to destroy a tumor
  • Colectomy to remove parts of a diseased colon
  • Colon and rectal surgery
  • Ear, nose and throat surgery
  • Endovascular surgery to treat or repair an aneurysm
  • Gallbladder surgery (cholecystectomy) to remove gallstones that cause pain
  • Gastroenterologic surgery, including for gastric bypass
  • Gynecologic surgery
  • Heart surgery
  • Kidney transplant
  • Nephrectomy (kidney removal)
  • Neurosurgery
  • Orthopedic surgery
  • Splenectomy to remove the spleen
  • Thoracic surgery, such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)
  • Urologic surgery


Minimally invasive surgery uses smaller surgical incisions, and it’s generally less risky than traditional surgery. But even with minimally invasive surgery,
there are risks of complications with anesthesia, bleeding and infection

Laparoscopy — surgery done through one or more small incisions, using small tubes and tiny cameras and surgical instruments — was one of the first types of minimally invasive surgery. Another type of minimally invasive surgery is robotic surgery. It provides a magnified, 3-D view of the surgical site and helps the surgeon operate with precision, flexibility and control. Continual innovations in minimally invasive surgery make it beneficial for people with a wide range of conditions. If you need surgery and think you may be a candidate for this approach, talk with your doctor.


A laparoscopy is a form of minimally invasive surgery. It gives a surgeon access to the inside of the abdomen and pelvis without the surgeon having to make large incisions in the abdomen. In gynecology a laparoscopy is used to diagnose and treat a range of diseases.

During a laparoscopy, a long thin tube with a high intensity light and a high resolution camera at the front called a LAPAROSCOPE is inserted in the abdomen. The laparoscope is inserted through an incision the abdomen. This incision is usually approximately 0.5 inches. The camera and high intensity light at the front of the laparoscope allows the surgeon to see inside the abdomen and the pelvis.


A laparoscopy can help to;

  • Diagnose and treat endometriosis, chronic pelvic pains and pelvic inflammatory diseases.
  • Diagnose causes of infertility
  • Treat urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse
  • Evaluate cancer of the ovary, uterus and cervix.

A laparoscopy can also be used to visualize organ damage.


A laparoscopy offers some benefits over normal open surgery. A laparoscopy is less painful than an open surgery. The incisions made are very minimal which reduces pain. Patients recover much faster after a laparoscopy than after normal open surgery. Recovery time takes between a day to a week depending on the reason for the surgery, patient and a few other factors. A laparoscopy also reduces the risk of infection. The small sizes of the incision reduces the chances of bacterial infections. Due to less time spent in the hospital, laparoscopy can also be cheaper than its open surgery counterpart.

Laparoscopy was first developed in the 1970s and the huge advances in technology has seen the procedure to become as effective as normal open surgery. Healthcare professionals around the world that minimally invasive surgeries such laparoscopy is the future of surgery.

At EL-RAPHA Hospitals and Diagnostics, with the latest in medical equipment and a host of experienced doctors and nurses, we offer laparoscopy as well as a range of other minimally invasive surgeries.