DO OVARIAN CYSTS REQUIRE A VISIT TO THE HOSPITAL FOR A CYSTECTOMY?

While most ovarian cysts would go away on their own, some requires surgical removal. This surgery is called a Cystectomy. In Nigeria, and in most countries ovarian cysts are a common cause of hospital admissions for females.

An ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that forms on the surface of an ovary. It is usually non-cancerous. There are often no signs and symptoms presented by an ovarian cyst although some of them may cause pain and bleeding. Frequent visits to your gynecologist can significantly improve the chances of discovering a cyst early.

A cystectomy is performed in order to remove a more serious case of ovarian cyst. This procedure may be done via a Laparoscopy (keyhole surgery) or open surgery. it is mostly a minor surgery.

Ovarian cysts affect women of every age but older women are more likely to develop it. Family history of cancer, previous history of breast cancer and obesity also increases the risk of a female developing cysts.

Surgery may be needed to remove a cyst if;

  • The cyst does not go away after several menstrual periods
  • The cyst gets larger
  • The cyst has been causing pain.

Ovarian cysts can be caused by; hormonal problems, pregnancy and severe pelvic infections. Cysts formed during pregnancy are typically harmless. They will be monitored constantly by your gynecologist.

Obstetric fistula

TODAY NIGERIA JOINS THE WORLD IN THE FIGHT AGAINST OBSTETRIC FISTULA

Today marks the 7th annual International Day to End Obstetric Fistula. According to the United Nations Population Fund, about 100,000 women develop obstetric fistula every year. In Nigeria, almost 20,000 women develop obstetric fistula annually. However more than 400,000 women are currently living with this condition in the country as a result of poor access to hospitals and proper medical care. The United Nations Population Fund has supported free surgical repairs for over 6,000 women and girls living with fistula in Nigeria.

Obstetric Fistula is an abnormal opening between a woman’s genital tract and her urinary tract or rectum. Obstetric fistula is one of the major causes of maternal mortality especially amongst women in Asia, the Arab region and Sub-Sahara Africa. The opening can be as a result of obstructed labor. During obstructed labor the tissues between the woman’s vagina and her pubic bone are damaged by continuous pressure from the infant’s neck trapped in the birth canal. The damaged tissue later falls off leaving a hole between the vagina and urinary tract or rectum. Faeces and/or urine often leaks from this hole. Obstetric fistula may also be caused by cancer, radiation therapy or surgical complications.

Obstetric fistula can be treated mainly through surgical procedures. The success rate of surgically treating obstetric fistula is very high, above 90% in most cases. However in Nigeria over a large number of women are currently living with this condition. Women that suffer from obstetric fistula are often socially ostracized.

Obstetric fistula can be prevented by;

  • Delaying age of first pregnancy
  • Cessation of harmful traditional practices such as Female Genital Mutilation
  • Timely access to obstetric care.

No woman or girl should have to live with obstetric fistula.

At EL-RAPHA HOSPITALS AND DIAGNOSTICS we provide professional and affordable treatment for obstetric fistula. We are committed to the welfare of every woman an girl child and we join the rest of the world today in the fight against this “silent epidemic”.

IN VITRO FERTILIZATION A SOLUTION TO INFERTILITY?

In 1984, Dr. Oladapo Ashiru and his team successfully delivered the first baby via In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in Nigeria. This was six years after the birth of Louise Brown in 1978, the first baby in the world conceived via IVF. Over six million babies has been conceived using IVF. It is often looked upon as a last resort, when other forms of ART (Assisted Reproductive Techniques), has failed.

WHAT IS IN VITRO FERTILIZATION?

In Vitro Fertilization or IVF as it is more commonly referred to is a form of assisted reproductive technique. IVF helps with fertilization, embryo development and implantation. In IVF, fertilization takes place outside the body. The ovum (egg) is extracted from the female. A sperm sample is retrieved from the male also. The egg and the sperm sample is then manually combined in a laboratory. Once fertilization takes place and the embryo has developed to a certain stage, the embryo is the transferred to the uterus and in most cases normal development takes place and the female gives birth to a perfectly healthy baby.

IVF may be considered if either partners have been diagnosed with;

  • This is when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows in other places in the body outside the womb
  • Low sperm count
  • Antibody problems that harm sperm or eggs
  • Inability of sperm to penetrate or survive in the cervical mucus
  • Poor egg quality
  • An unexplained fertility problem etc.

In Nigeria tubal factors and low sperm count are the leading causes of infertility. One in four Nigerian couples experience infertility.

In earlier times children conceived through the IVF procedure were often referred to as “test tube babies”. One of the myths was that babies born via this procedure were often not “normal”. This is completely false.

 

IVF Success Rate

While the success rate with IVF is a little below 50%, this reduces as the female ages, the babies delivered are healthy and normal. To increase the chances of pregnancy, Doctors transfer 3-10 eggs back into the uterus depending on the age of the female, quality of the eggs etc.  Advances in technology has greatly improved the chances of IVF procedures making it safer and an option for couples finding it difficult to conceive.

Consult us at EL RAPHA HOSPITALS AND DIAGNOSTICS  which is on of the best fertility hospital in Nigeria today as we have a medical team of professionals that will offer guidance, support and professionalism should you opt for an IVF procedure.

 

To contact a patient or for patient room information, call: (+234) 909 888 9013, 90998889015

General: 8 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. Family members with an ID badge have 24-hour access to the hospital.

Address

  • El-Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics Plot #930 Salihu Iliyasu Street, Life Camp, Abuja, Nigeria.

WHAT ARE CORONAVIRUSES?

CORONAVIRUS

WHAT ARE CORONAVIRUSES?
Coronaviruses are a rather large family of viruses that can cause diseases. Many strains of the virus affect birds and mammals including humans. The coronavirus can cause illnesses such as common cold to more serious diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Coronaviruses are usually zoonotic, that means they are transmitted between animals and people.

THE ORIGIN OF 2019 NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (2019-nCoV).
According to the World Health Organization, the 2019 novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans was first reported in Wuhan, China, on Dec. 31, 2019. Global health authorities are yet to pin point its exact origin but early hypothesis links this new strain to a sea market in Wuhan China. Recent information suggests that the first person got sick on Dec. 1, 2019.

HOW ARE THEY TRANSMITTED?
Early information suggests that majority of people infected in Wuhan had some form of contact at a sea market. However, recent cases include people who had no prior link with the sea market which suggest that it is transmitted from person to person via contact with infected bodily fluids like droplets from coughing or sneezing, contact with infected surfaces and also infected animals.

SYMPTOMS OF 2019-nCoV
Infected people exhibit cold or flu like symptoms within two to four days of contracting the
virus. The symptoms are usually mild but can be fatal in rare cases. Symptoms also varies
from person to person.
1. Sneezing
2. Coughing
3. Fatigue
4. Fever
5. Acute respiratory problems, organ failure and death (rare cases)

DIAGNOSIS
Physical diagnosis may prove difficult as the symptoms are quite similar to that of the flu or cold. However, proper diagnosis can be achieved with laboratory tests.

PREVENTION
1. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
2. Use alcohol based sanitizer if water is not available.
3. Avoid contact with infected people, surfaces and animals.
4. Use facemasks and gloves when entering infected areas.
5. Keep all contact surfaces clean.

6.  Maintain strict hygiene at home.

TREATMENT
There is no cure yet for this strain of the coronavirus. However it can be managed by giving symptomatic cure (this means giving remedies to symptoms).

CURRENT STATISTICS (AFFECTED COUNTRIES, CONFIRMED CASES AND DEATHS)
This report is according to World Health Organization’s Situation Report as at Feb. 9, 2020
1. 26 Countries have reported at least one confirmed case of the 2019-nCoV.
2.  37,558 confirmed cases globally with 99.2% of cases in China.
3. 6,188 severe cases in China.
4. 812 deaths recorded globally with 99.9% in China.

CONTAINMENT PROCEDURES
The spread of this new strain of coronavirus is closely monitored by, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), and health organizations like El-Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics. People arriving from affected countries are being screened at airports and in some cases placed under quarantine if they show symptomatic signs. There has been no reported case on the African continent. We will provide more update as we get them.

EL-RAPHA AT THREE YEARS

EL-RAPHA AT THREE YEARS

THE WHY?

Family is an important prerequisite for every human being. Our family is usually our fortress of solitude. When we are very sad or at our happiest, we like sharing those moments with our family. It makes the memories very special. We look to them for advice, support, correction and occasional scolding. We are humans because of family. Family brings out the best in us, they instill in us core values that shapes our perception of life and mold us into the unique beings we are today.

When we fall in love with someone we tend to know they are ‘the one’ when we start thinking of starting a family with them. However, starting a family may prove difficult or in some cases seemingly impossible for some couples and the cause of this may be medically induced which will require professional care. This is what inspired Dr. Moses Fache, Founder and Medical Director of El Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics and for three years we have helped several couples start a family and build a happy home and also enhancing their quality of life.

THE HOW?

At El-Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics, we have a world class IVF Clinic that operates in accordance with international best practices. We have top tier advanced facilities that enables us to be a national leader in IVF and fertility procedures.

The past three years has seen a tremendous growth in our patients and the quality of services we render.

We have 2D, 3D, and 4D ultrasound scanners to create the best visual bond between mother and child. We also offer the following services;

  1. Gynecology
  2. Maternity
  3. Endoscopic surgery
  4. Laparoscopy
  5. Hysteroscopy
  6. Pediatrics
  7. Surgical Specialists
  8. Medical Specialists
  9. Laboratory
  10. Pharmacy
  11. Immunization

We offer 24 hour services in other to fully take care of the family and enhancing the quality of their lives. We do this with the utmost professionalism, attention to detail and care.

As we celebrate our three years of excellence and providing quality health care services we will be offering free and discounted servicers across board as our way of saying thank you for trusting us and letting us care for you.

For more information and inquires kindly visit our social media pages.

INFERTILITY AND ASSISTED CONCEPTION

Infertility is a world wide stigma, which is posing a problem to many couples today. The problem of infertility has been a medical concern and has posed a challenge to the efficiency of traditional health care in Africa and the world at large.

However, the constant changing and innovations which has not deprived the medical sector, has to a large extent, manage to curb the problem of infertility, and has reduced its stigma to a large extent.

One of the greatest and most notable of these innovation is the concept of assisted conception. As the name implies, it entails the use of a medical intervention to help in conception.

Assisted conception methods include; Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI), In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Sperm, egg or embryo donations and surrogacy.

The benefit of assisted conception is the fact that it records a high success rate. Also, it is used to control and prevent genetic disorders from being passed down to off springs.

Assisted conception has a reputation for being expensive and therefore, only available to members of the high classed and elite groups. However, at El-Rapha fertility Centre Abuja, we pride in affordable fertility care and this includes assisted conception.  As one of the top fertility clinics in Nigeria, we record a high success rate of assisted conception, pregnancies and natal care.

We are therefore, dedicated to giving our patients maximum satisfaction at minimum cost. With one of the highest rate of fertility clinic reviews, we pride ourselves as specialist in fertility and conception.  We therefore, boldly guarantee a safe and successful, as well as cost effective procedure, so as to drastically reduce and in future, completely erase the stigma of infertility in the, regardless of class system and wealth distribution.

WORLD STROKE DAY

Stroke  is a sudden interruption in blood supply to the brain. This simply means that, for some reasons, blood suddenly stops flowing into the brain as it should, depriving the brain of oxygen and nutrient. This could be caused by an abrupt blockage of arteries that channels blood to the brain or bleeding into brain tissue when a blood vessel bursts.

When this happens, the brain cells start to die within minutes.  A stroke is therefore, a medical emergency, which requires prompt treatment in other to minimize brain damage and potential complications. If you suspect someone around you is having a stroke, here is how to confirm.

*Tell the person to smile .If the face droops to one side, it is most likely a stroke.

*Try to raise both arms; if one arm drifts downwards or is unable to raise one arm, call for emergency.

*Dialogue with the person. If you notice a slur in the speech, a stroke might be on its way.

*Ask the person basic questions; Stroke patients usually encounter confusions and  difficulty remembering and understanding speech.

*Hold up fingers and ask the patient to count. Blurred vision, doubled vision or blackened vision are signs of stroke.

*Try to make the person work a short distance. Sudden dizziness, loss of balance and loss of coordination depicts a stroke attack.

If you observe any of the above signs, please call for emergency immediately. Engage the person in a calm and reassuring conversation to keep the brain cells active and the patient conscious. Make sure they are breathing properly and keep them warm. Do not give them anything to  eat or drink and observe conditions to report to medical personnel when they arrive.

Stroke is avoidable, as well as many other conditions that could lead to medical emergencies. Finally, to prevent stroke, eat healthy, exercise daily, monitor your blood pressure and sugar level, and avoid excessive smoking and drinking. El-Rapha hospital and Diagnostics cares about you and your health. Book for and appointment to see a doctor today, take preventive measures and avoid Stroke.

INFERTILITY IN WOMEN

For so many people around the world, having and raising children are extremely important events in their lives. Infact, some people believe fulfilling the need for reproduction make them whole and complete.

According to recent studies by the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 8- 10% of couples are facing some kind of infertility problem. Globally, this means that 50-80 million people are facing this problem.

Infertility is defined as the inability to get pregnant after having unprotected sexual intercourse for at least one year, for women over 35 years old – six months. It also means the biological inability to contribute to conception and it affects one in six couples. Female infertility accounts for one third of all infertility cases.

CAUSES OF INFERTILITY IN WOMEN

According to a study carried out by the health science journal1, the most common cause of female infertility is problems in the fallopian tubes followed by unknown causes, disorders of menstruation and infertility due to problems in the uterus.

 

  1. Damage to the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This can be caused by one or more of the following
  • Abnormal cervical mucus: This can prevent the sperm from reaching the egg or make it more difficult for the sperm to penetrate the egg.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • A previous infection
  • Polyps in the uterus
  • Endometriosis
  • Fibroids
  • A birth Defect
  • Scar tissue or adhesions
  • Chronic medical illness
  • A previous ectopic pregnancy

 

  1. Ovulation Problems
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • A tumor or cyst
  • Extremely brief or nonexistent menstrual cycle

Age, alcohol or illicit use of drugs, obesity are factors that also contribute to infertility in women.

DIAGNOSIS OF FEMALE INFERTILITY

It is advised that you see your doctor if you’ve unsuccessfully been trying to conceive for six months, when you do this, a medical examination is carried out to determine what the cause(s) might be.

PREVENTION OF INFERTILITY IN WOMEN

When infertility is caused by genetic abnormalities, there is usually nothing that can be done to prevent it. Women can however advised to avoid illicit drugs & alcohol consumption and take steps to prevent sexually transmitted infections & diseases. They should also ensure to have annual medical checkups especially when sexually active.

TREATMENT OF INFERTILITY IN WOMEN

Fertility treatment significantly improve the chances of conception but varies from woman to woman.

Fertility drugs, hormone treatment and various assisted reproductive techniques like In vitro Fertilization (IVF) AND Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI) have been employed in the treatment of infertility.

The course of treatment is usually however determined by the cause. – Some of the drugs prescribed are used to stimulate ovulation.

Reference

http://www.hsj.gr/medicine/causes-of-infertility-in-women-at-reproductive-age.pdf

EIGHT THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM

1
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the medical term for ‘morning sickness’ although it is more severe and is marked by symptoms such as intractable and persistent nausea, vomiting that could lead to electrolyte and metabolic disturbance, dehydration and nutritional deficiency and sometimes could require the hospitalization of the patient. It occurs in pregnant women
2.
Statistically in happens in three out of a hundred pregnancies.

3.

It is the most common cause of hospitalization in pregnancy usually due to the severe dehydration it causes. The cause of hyperemesis is unknown but it has been linked to the presence of higher level of hormones like oestrogen or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) during pregnancy.

4.

Women who are at a higher risk of experiencing hyperemesis:

  • Those that had it in previous pregnancies,
  • Women with a family history of hyperemesis,
  • Women pregnant with multiple babies.

5.

It usually starts between the sixth and eighth week of pregnancy and peaks by the twelfth week. Nausea and vomiting normally ends at the first trimester for most women but women diagnosed with hyperemesis usually experience it throughout their pregnancy.

6.

It can be clinically diagnosed by your physician after all other causes of nausea and vomiting in pregnant women have been eliminated.

7.

No research has linked hyperemesis to problems relating to foetal organ development and health risks to the foetus in women with hyperemesis are minimal but there are risks of low birth weight or premature babies. Also, women with hyperemesis have lower rates of miscarriage.

8.

Women with hyperemesis are usually advised to combine rest, hydration, consumption of food in smaller portions and avoiding whatever triggers that provoke n

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