WHAT ARE CORONAVIRUSES?

CORONAVIRUS

WHAT ARE CORONAVIRUSES?
Coronaviruses are a rather large family of viruses that can cause diseases. Many strains of the virus affect birds and mammals including humans. The coronavirus can cause illnesses such as common cold to more serious diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Coronaviruses are usually zoonotic, that means they are transmitted between animals and people.

THE ORIGIN OF 2019 NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (2019-nCoV).
According to the World Health Organization, the 2019 novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans was first reported in Wuhan, China, on Dec. 31, 2019. Global health authorities are yet to pin point its exact origin but early hypothesis links this new strain to a sea market in Wuhan China. Recent information suggests that the first person got sick on Dec. 1, 2019.

HOW ARE THEY TRANSMITTED?
Early information suggests that majority of people infected in Wuhan had some form of contact at a sea market. However, recent cases include people who had no prior link with the sea market which suggest that it is transmitted from person to person via contact with infected bodily fluids like droplets from coughing or sneezing, contact with infected surfaces and also infected animals.

SYMPTOMS OF 2019-nCoV
Infected people exhibit cold or flu like symptoms within two to four days of contracting the
virus. The symptoms are usually mild but can be fatal in rare cases. Symptoms also varies
from person to person.
1. Sneezing
2. Coughing
3. Fatigue
4. Fever
5. Acute respiratory problems, organ failure and death (rare cases)

DIAGNOSIS
Physical diagnosis may prove difficult as the symptoms are quite similar to that of the flu or cold. However, proper diagnosis can be achieved with laboratory tests.

PREVENTION
1. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
2. Use alcohol based sanitizer if water is not available.
3. Avoid contact with infected people, surfaces and animals.
4. Use facemasks and gloves when entering infected areas.
5. Keep all contact surfaces clean.

6.  Maintain strict hygiene at home.

TREATMENT
There is no cure yet for this strain of the coronavirus. However it can be managed by giving symptomatic cure (this means giving remedies to symptoms).

CURRENT STATISTICS (AFFECTED COUNTRIES, CONFIRMED CASES AND DEATHS)
This report is according to World Health Organization’s Situation Report as at Feb. 9, 2020
1. 26 Countries have reported at least one confirmed case of the 2019-nCoV.
2.  37,558 confirmed cases globally with 99.2% of cases in China.
3. 6,188 severe cases in China.
4. 812 deaths recorded globally with 99.9% in China.

CONTAINMENT PROCEDURES
The spread of this new strain of coronavirus is closely monitored by, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), and health organizations like El-Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics. People arriving from affected countries are being screened at airports and in some cases placed under quarantine if they show symptomatic signs. There has been no reported case on the African continent. We will provide more update as we get them.

EL-RAPHA AT THREE YEARS

EL-RAPHA AT THREE YEARS

THE WHY?

Family is an important prerequisite for every human being. Our family is usually our fortress of solitude. When we are very sad or at our happiest, we like sharing those moments with our family. It makes the memories very special. We look to them for advice, support, correction and occasional scolding. We are humans because of family. Family brings out the best in us, they instill in us core values that shapes our perception of life and mold us into the unique beings we are today.

When we fall in love with someone we tend to know they are ‘the one’ when we start thinking of starting a family with them. However, starting a family may prove difficult or in some cases seemingly impossible for some couples and the cause of this may be medically induced which will require professional care. This is what inspired Dr. Moses Fache, Founder and Medical Director of El Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics and for three years we have helped several couples start a family and build a happy home and also enhancing their quality of life.

THE HOW?

At El-Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics, we have a world class IVF Clinic that operates in accordance with international best practices. We have top tier advanced facilities that enables us to be a national leader in IVF and fertility procedures.

The past three years has seen a tremendous growth in our patients and the quality of services we render.

We have 2D, 3D, and 4D ultrasound scanners to create the best visual bond between mother and child. We also offer the following services;

  1. Gynecology
  2. Maternity
  3. Endoscopic surgery
  4. Laparoscopy
  5. Hysteroscopy
  6. Pediatrics
  7. Surgical Specialists
  8. Medical Specialists
  9. Laboratory
  10. Pharmacy
  11. Immunization

We offer 24 hour services in other to fully take care of the family and enhancing the quality of their lives. We do this with the utmost professionalism, attention to detail and care.

As we celebrate our three years of excellence and providing quality health care services we will be offering free and discounted servicers across board as our way of saying thank you for trusting us and letting us care for you.

For more information and inquires kindly visit our social media pages.

INFERTILITY AND ASSISTED CONCEPTION

Infertility is a world wide stigma, which is posing a problem to many couples today. The problem of infertility has been a medical concern and has posed a challenge to the efficiency of traditional health care in Africa and the world at large.

However, the constant changing and innovations which has not deprived the medical sector, has to a large extent, manage to curb the problem of infertility, and has reduced its stigma to a large extent.

One of the greatest and most notable of these innovation is the concept of assisted conception. As the name implies, it entails the use of a medical intervention to help in conception.

Assisted conception methods include; Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI), In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Sperm, egg or embryo donations and surrogacy.

The benefit of assisted conception is the fact that it records a high success rate. Also, it is used to control and prevent genetic disorders from being passed down to off springs.

Assisted conception has a reputation for being expensive and therefore, only available to members of the high classed and elite groups. However, at El-Rapha fertility Centre Abuja, we pride in affordable fertility care and this includes assisted conception.  As one of the top fertility clinics in Nigeria, we record a high success rate of assisted conception, pregnancies and natal care.

We are therefore, dedicated to giving our patients maximum satisfaction at minimum cost. With one of the highest rate of fertility clinic reviews, we pride ourselves as specialist in fertility and conception.  We therefore, boldly guarantee a safe and successful, as well as cost effective procedure, so as to drastically reduce and in future, completely erase the stigma of infertility in the, regardless of class system and wealth distribution.

WORLD STROKE DAY

Stroke  is a sudden interruption in blood supply to the brain. This simply means that, for some reasons, blood suddenly stops flowing into the brain as it should, depriving the brain of oxygen and nutrient. This could be caused by an abrupt blockage of arteries that channels blood to the brain or bleeding into brain tissue when a blood vessel bursts.

When this happens, the brain cells start to die within minutes.  A stroke is therefore, a medical emergency, which requires prompt treatment in other to minimize brain damage and potential complications. If you suspect someone around you is having a stroke, here is how to confirm.

*Tell the person to smile .If the face droops to one side, it is most likely a stroke.

*Try to raise both arms; if one arm drifts downwards or is unable to raise one arm, call for emergency.

*Dialogue with the person. If you notice a slur in the speech, a stroke might be on its way.

*Ask the person basic questions; Stroke patients usually encounter confusions and  difficulty remembering and understanding speech.

*Hold up fingers and ask the patient to count. Blurred vision, doubled vision or blackened vision are signs of stroke.

*Try to make the person work a short distance. Sudden dizziness, loss of balance and loss of coordination depicts a stroke attack.

If you observe any of the above signs, please call for emergency immediately. Engage the person in a calm and reassuring conversation to keep the brain cells active and the patient conscious. Make sure they are breathing properly and keep them warm. Do not give them anything to  eat or drink and observe conditions to report to medical personnel when they arrive.

Stroke is avoidable, as well as many other conditions that could lead to medical emergencies. Finally, to prevent stroke, eat healthy, exercise daily, monitor your blood pressure and sugar level, and avoid excessive smoking and drinking. El-Rapha hospital and Diagnostics cares about you and your health. Book for and appointment to see a doctor today, take preventive measures and avoid Stroke.

INFERTILITY IN WOMEN

For so many people around the world, having and raising children are extremely important events in their lives. Infact, some people believe fulfilling the need for reproduction make them whole and complete.

According to recent studies by the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 8- 10% of couples are facing some kind of infertility problem. Globally, this means that 50-80 million people are facing this problem.

Infertility is defined as the inability to get pregnant after having unprotected sexual intercourse for at least one year, for women over 35 years old – six months. It also means the biological inability to contribute to conception and it affects one in six couples. Female infertility accounts for one third of all infertility cases.

CAUSES OF INFERTILITY IN WOMEN

According to a study carried out by the health science journal1, the most common cause of female infertility is problems in the fallopian tubes followed by unknown causes, disorders of menstruation and infertility due to problems in the uterus.

 

  1. Damage to the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This can be caused by one or more of the following
  • Abnormal cervical mucus: This can prevent the sperm from reaching the egg or make it more difficult for the sperm to penetrate the egg.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • A previous infection
  • Polyps in the uterus
  • Endometriosis
  • Fibroids
  • A birth Defect
  • Scar tissue or adhesions
  • Chronic medical illness
  • A previous ectopic pregnancy

 

  1. Ovulation Problems
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • A tumor or cyst
  • Extremely brief or nonexistent menstrual cycle

Age, alcohol or illicit use of drugs, obesity are factors that also contribute to infertility in women.

DIAGNOSIS OF FEMALE INFERTILITY

It is advised that you see your doctor if you’ve unsuccessfully been trying to conceive for six months, when you do this, a medical examination is carried out to determine what the cause(s) might be.

PREVENTION OF INFERTILITY IN WOMEN

When infertility is caused by genetic abnormalities, there is usually nothing that can be done to prevent it. Women can however advised to avoid illicit drugs & alcohol consumption and take steps to prevent sexually transmitted infections & diseases. They should also ensure to have annual medical checkups especially when sexually active.

TREATMENT OF INFERTILITY IN WOMEN

Fertility treatment significantly improve the chances of conception but varies from woman to woman.

Fertility drugs, hormone treatment and various assisted reproductive techniques like In vitro Fertilization (IVF) AND Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI) have been employed in the treatment of infertility.

The course of treatment is usually however determined by the cause. – Some of the drugs prescribed are used to stimulate ovulation.

Reference

http://www.hsj.gr/medicine/causes-of-infertility-in-women-at-reproductive-age.pdf

EIGHT THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM

1
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the medical term for ‘morning sickness’ although it is more severe and is marked by symptoms such as intractable and persistent nausea, vomiting that could lead to electrolyte and metabolic disturbance, dehydration and nutritional deficiency and sometimes could require the hospitalization of the patient. It occurs in pregnant women
2.
Statistically in happens in three out of a hundred pregnancies.

3.

It is the most common cause of hospitalization in pregnancy usually due to the severe dehydration it causes. The cause of hyperemesis is unknown but it has been linked to the presence of higher level of hormones like oestrogen or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) during pregnancy.

4.

Women who are at a higher risk of experiencing hyperemesis:

  • Those that had it in previous pregnancies,
  • Women with a family history of hyperemesis,
  • Women pregnant with multiple babies.

5.

It usually starts between the sixth and eighth week of pregnancy and peaks by the twelfth week. Nausea and vomiting normally ends at the first trimester for most women but women diagnosed with hyperemesis usually experience it throughout their pregnancy.

6.

It can be clinically diagnosed by your physician after all other causes of nausea and vomiting in pregnant women have been eliminated.

7.

No research has linked hyperemesis to problems relating to foetal organ development and health risks to the foetus in women with hyperemesis are minimal but there are risks of low birth weight or premature babies. Also, women with hyperemesis have lower rates of miscarriage.

8.

Women with hyperemesis are usually advised to combine rest, hydration, consumption of food in smaller portions and avoiding whatever triggers that provoke n

MANAGING YOUR PREGNANCY: WHAT TO EXPECT

Many women, especially first time mothers usually do not know what to experience during their pregnancies. This is one of the reasons why there are ante-natal classes. This post highlights some of what is to be expected.

You will experience various changes in your pregnancy, some significant, others not so much, it is very imperative to reach out to your doctor if you feel or notice anything different. A minute or two on the phone for discussion and reassurance may save you hours or days of apprehension.

There are no silly questions in pregnancy.

WHAT TO EXPECT

·       Change in Emotions

Everyone has hormones and they are chemicals that circulate in the bloodstream. They carry messages to different parts of the body and result in certain changes taking place. During pregnancy, the level of female hormones – oestrogen and progesterone increases in the blood. causing the uterus lining to build up, blood supply to your uterus and breasts increases and the muscles of your uterus relaxes to make room for the growing baby. This increase in hormone levels can affect how you feel; you may

get easily irritated, feel tearful or even have mood swings. For a while you could also feel that you cannot control your emotions, but these symptoms should ease after the first three months.

·       Bleeding

It is not unusual for light bleeding to occur at various stages in the pregnancy. The bleeding is usually light and not painful. However, it is difficult to be completely reassuring in this situation, and it is advisable for you to come in and be checked by a scan to confirm that the baby is healthy and that the foetal heart is present.

·       Swelling

Women often complain of swollen ankles and nearly every woman has some degree of noticeable swelling during pregnancy, particularly in the last trimester. Swelling on its own is a common feature of pregnancy, and is not associated with any risks to the mother or baby. The one thing that we do look out for is any elevation of the blood pressure – that would be a significant problem.

·       Heartburn

Heartburn is an uncomfortable burning sensation in the middle of your chest often accompanied by a bitter taste in the mouth and it is a common complaint in pregnancy, it usually occurs in the second and third trimester but comes earlier for some women. If you do have heartburn, you do not need to ‘suffer it bravely’ through your pregnancy. It is advisable to not lie down immediately after eating and also avoid spicy and greasy food. You should check in with your doctor if it persists

·   Constipation

Constipation is a common problem caused by a change in bowel habits in pregnancy, often with some bloating and constipation. Women with irritable bowel syndrome may notice some worsening of the symptoms.

·       Hunger

During pregnancy, it is pretty common to experience increased appetite, especially in the second trimester when morning sickness fades, cravings pick up and you need more calories to feed your ever-growing baby

·       Weight gain

It is not unusual to gain between 10kg and 12.5kg while pregnant, most of the extra weight is due to the baby growing. Gaining a lot of weight can affect your health and increase your blood pressure but it is also important to know that dieting while pregnant is not advised, just eat healthily and try to control your portions. Also, stay active and keep up your normal daily activities or try a little exercise. If you are concerned, talk to your midwife or GP.

Others include Varicose Veins, Preterm Labour, and Preeclampsia.

Remember that your body is housing a new life and it is very normal for changes to occur. Do not hesitate to call your physician if you notice any changes.

New Born IVF Babies

We welcomed a set of quadruplets today at #ElRapha via #IVF and we are beyond excited!

Mummy and babies are doing very fine.

We will continue to provide the best fertility treatment which will wipe away all the tears of the childless couples.

We are at lifecamp, between holy family Catholic Church and Stella Marris college, life camp Abuja

Please call these numbers for further enquiries 09098889015 or 09098889013

#IVF
#Fertility
#ivfjourney #ivfsuccess #obstetrics #gynaecology #hospital #clinic

Free Prenatal Yoga Session

PRENATAL YOGA

SESSIONS WITH MIMI
@EL-RAPHA HOSPITAL, LIFE CAMP, ABUJA.

Every Second Satureday of the Month / 9am – 10am.

Benefits

Supports your changing body
Tones important muscle groups
Decrease lower back pain
Endurance for childbirth
Reduces stress and anxiety
Increase strength and flexibility

Plot 930 Salihu LLiyasu Street Life Camp, Abuja, Nigeria.
09098889013, 09098889014, 09098889015, 09098889018

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