Remedies to Relieve Stomach Pain during Periods

Stomach pain during menstruation are quite common. Most females experience pains before or during menstrual periods. These cramps/pains can create so much discomfort that they might even interfere and hinder your daily  activities.

Factors that might be associated with painful menstruation include:

•Endometriosis, a condition of abnormal growth of uterine tissue

•Having heavy blood flow

• Being under age 20 or just beginning of the menstrual period

• Never having had a baby

• Having the first child

• Reaching puberty before the age of 11

• Having irregular periods

• Overproduction of or sensitivity to prostaglandins, a hormone that affects the womb

• Use of birth control

Women with mild or temporary cramps can try home remedies for stomach pain during periods, however, it is not recommended when the pain is severe.

Home remedies for stomach pain during menstruations

Message therapy

According to a study conducted in 2010 on 23 women with pain due to endometriosis, it was found that massage therapy for about 20 minutes significantly helped in reducing the pain. Massaging with essential oils may provide some additional benefits.

Avoid certain foods

Food items that may cause water retention and bloating should be avoided. Some of them include fatty foods, carbonated beverages, high-sodium (salty) foods, alcohol, and caffeine. You can always find better alternatives. Avoiding these food items may help reduce cramps.

When to see a doctor

Home remedies may work for mild and temporary pain but it is highly recommended you see a doctor if it is severe and has started preventing you from doing your basic tasks.

See your doctor, if you experience any of the below-mentioned symptoms:

• Back-to-back three painful menstrual periods

• Constant severe pain

• Heavy bleeding

• Pelvic pain when not menstruating

• Cramping with diarrhoea and nausea

• OTC drugs or other home remedies do not work

• Passing blood clots

Besides these, if you feel sudden cramping or pelvic pain, it might be a sign of infection. If the infection is not treated in time, it can cause scar tissue that can affect pelvic organs and may create fertility issues. Some of the symptoms of an infection include fever, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and severe pelvic pain.

Talk to the best team of fertility experts in the country today for all your pregnancy and fertility-related queries.

Call now: (+234) 909 888 9013,  9098889015

Misconceptions about pregnancy

Here are some helpful pregnancy myths busted along with their reality.

1) Round belly for a girl and a pointed belly for a boy: False!

Most pregnant women must have heard of it at least once. This belief has no scientific basis or proof, because while it may be true that the shape of a pregnant woman’s belly can vary depending on several factors, the sex of the baby is not one of them.

2) The full moon promotes childbirth: False!

Several studies have been carried out on this subject and claim that births are not more numerous on full moon nights. There are many pregnancy food myths too, but, not all the pregnancy food myths are a reality.

3) Each pregnancy costs the mother one tooth less: False!

It is true that at a certain time, pregnancy could have an effects on the teeth of the mother-to-be.  But dentistry was not what it is today. Added to this, the fatigue of pregnancy, and therefore very poor dental hygiene, you will necessarily get a fewer teeth. However, this belief is absolutely irrelevant today.

4) Baby’s hair is the reason for heartburn: Wrong!

There is also another version of this pregnancy myth that claims that the more heartburn a mother has, the more hair her baby will have. The truth is, heartburn has absolutely nothing to do with the hair of your baby.

5) It is possible to know the sex of the baby with a pendulum: Wrong!

In many families, this is a rite: passing a pendulum over the belly of the pregnant woman to guess the sex of the baby. Even if this myth allows you to have a good time and make family predictions about the unborn baby’s sex, it is absolutely not an exact science!

6) You must not cross your legs at the risk of the baby’s cord strangling him/her: False!

It is indeed sometimes not advisable to cross your legs while pregnant, but for the simple reason that it can cause blood circulation problems.

7) It is possible to determine the sex of the baby thanks to his heart rate: False!

The myth suggests that if a baby has a heart rate above 140 beats/min then it’s a girl, but if it’s 139 beats/min or less, then it’s a boy. But a recent study showed that the heart rate absolutely cannot determine the sex of the child.

8) If the mother has pain in her navel, the baby is playing with the cord: False!

If the navel is indeed the scar of the umbilical cord, it has nothing to do with that of her child. Even if it is proven that the baby can feel certain emotions of his mother in utero, this myth is nevertheless false.

9) The second pregnancy is noticed more quickly: True!

Since the muscles of the stomach and uterus have already been stretched since the first time, a second pregnancy will be seen more quickly. Psychologists are also of the opinion that the body’s memory also plays a role, since it remembers the first pregnancy and its effects, and will therefore reproduce them more easily.

10) The second childbirth is easier than the first: True!

It is true, the labor time is generally shorter, since the passage has already been made. In addition, there is also the psychological dimension which plays a very important role. This article has all the pregnancy myths debunked & explained with their realities.

Frequently Asked Questions about In Vitro Fertilization

You may have many doubts about the IVF process. They range from the side effects of the stimulation to when you need to give yourself the treatment, to questions about how to relieve the stress experienced during this time or what type of vitamins to take. El-rapha fertility experts and team will guide you through this process and point you in the right direction at all times.In addition, we provide you some key points such as, advice on IVF treatment, the practice on how to put the estrogen patches during stimulation or if necessary, to do an ultrasound of the endometrium before an embryo transfer. There are too many questions about IVF that patients have in their minds.

Here are some of common IVF FAQs ?
Below are the IVF frequently asked questions which patients usually ask our fertility experts at El-rapha Hospital.

1. When is the right time to start treatment for in vitro fertilization (IVF)?

Your doctor will explain the best time to start treatment after the initial consultation, examination and blood tests.
Your clinician may start your treatment on the 2nd or 3rd day of your period.

2. How much does the IVF treatment cost?
The cost of IVF at El-rapha or anywhere across the globe is initially dependent on the infertility workup of the couple.
Hence it varies from person to person. This is one of the most common IVF frequently asked questions.

3. Can we have our tests done at a nearby clinic as we live in a far rural area?
As long as we are in close contact with the clinician having your tests done at a clinic near you, then it is feasible.

4. How many times can we try IVF?
A couple can try as many times as they want, as long as they can handle the costs.

5. What makes IVF an expensive treatment?
This method requires highly qualified personnel and the latest technology equipment’s and facility. The equipment and materials used for an IVF lab are all imported and expensive. In addition, most of the materials used are disposable and in single use format.

6. How long does the Egg collection/ pickup procedure take?
The time duration of this procedure completely upon the number of follicles that are required to be aspirated. Normally, it takes about 5-10 minutes.

7. We have heard that Egg collection process is painful, is it true?
The procedure is not painful, but may cause mild discomfort. At our clinic, we use mild anesthesia administered through an IV route which relieves discomfort. Stressed patients usually ask this FAQ about IVF.

8. How long do I need to rest after the embryo transfer procedure?
Resting 15-20 minutes after the transfer is usually sufficient. We suggest not to do heavy exercise and walking for long distances during this time period. Women who work at an office can work the next day to resume daily activities.

9. Can someone who does not have sperm have children?
There are procedures for men who do not have sperms in their semen. Such procedures include collecting tissue samples directly from the testes in different ways depending on the condition. If sperm is found in these tissue samples, then ICSI can be used to inseminate the eggs.

10. How successful is the IVF treatment?
Success rates strongly depend on the age of the patient, their condition and the treatment used. This IVF FAQ concerns every IVF patient a lot but at El-rapha Hospital, you are free to ask all the questions you want to ask and clear your mind before starting your infertility treatment.

 

Talk to our fertility experts  today for all your pregnancy and fertility-related queries.

Call now: (+234) 909 888 9013,  9098889015

MALE INFERTILITY

MALE INFERTILITY

Infertility is failure to get pregnant even after twelve months of unprotected sexual intercourse. Many factors can leads to male infertility, such as anatomical, genetic, and environmental causes. In many cases, the underlying cause of infertility cannot be determined. You need to consider undergoing formal assessments and tests for better clinical diagnosis.

Male Infertility Symptoms

You may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

• Reduced sexual desire
• Difficulty in maintaining an erection
• Pain or swelling in the testicle area
• Difficulty in ejaculation
• Decreased facial and body hair, and abnormal breast growth or hormonal abnormality

Visit El-rapha hospital to get yourself evaluated for these symptoms. Sometimes there are no apparent signs and symptoms of male infertility. You may not experience any issues with sexual activity, erection or ejaculation, and the only symptom you will have is the inability to conceive a child.

Male Infertility Problems/Causes

Male fertility includes producing enough healthy sperms, their transportation with semen, and it also needs the right temperature of the scrotum to carry healthy sperms.

Some of the leading causes of infertility are:

Sperm disorders

The most common problem associated with male infertility is sperm disorders. These are:

• Decreased sperm count

• Inability to produce sperms 

• Sperms may not be grown fully

• The failure of the sperms to move the right way

Sperm disorders can be hereditary or can be the result of bad lifestyle choices. Drug usage, smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, emotional stress, and depression can result in sperm related disorders. Also, any congenital disability or damage to the reproductive system may result in low sperm count.

Varicoceles

Varicoceles are swollen veins of the scrotum that causes infertility. This results due to the blockage of blood flow to the scrotum, leading to difficulty in temperature regulation. The warm temperature does not favor the production of sperms resulting in low sperm count.

Varicocele can be treated, which helps to improve sperm number and function, and this may also improve the potential outcome of assisted reproductive techniques such as IVF.

Immunity related infertility

Though it is not a common cause of infertility, sometimes your body creates antibodies that attack your own sperms. These antibodies affect the functionality of sperms, which makes it difficult for them to fertilize the egg.

Ejaculation issues

During orgasm, if semen enters the bladder instead of going out through the penis, it is called retrograde ejaculation. Various health problems can cause retrograde ejaculation, such as surgery, medication, spinal injuries, or diabetes. Generally, in retrograde ejaculation sperm count is normal and can be retrieved and used for assisted reproductive techniques.

Blockage of sperm transporting tubules

Some defects can block the tubes that carry sperms. This blockage can occur due to repeated infections, injury due to surgery, swelling, or it can be an inherited condition. This blockage can prevent the sperm from leaving the body for fertilization.

Hormonal Imbalance

Any hormonal abnormality affecting the hypothalamus, pituitary, or adrenal glands can cause infertility. The inability to produce an adequate amount of testosterone can lead to a reduced number of healthy sperms.

Chromosomal defects

An inherited disorder can result in abnormal development of male reproductive organs. Some of the genetic syndromes causing infertility are Klinefelter’s syndrome, Kallmann’s syndrome, or cystic fibrosis.

Medications

Certain medications can impair the function, structure, and production of sperms. Long term use of steroids, cancer medication (chemotherapy), antifungal medications, and medications advised for arthritis and depression can cause infertility.

Environmental causes

Overexposure to industrial chemicals, heavy metals, or radiation may contribute to your reduced sperm count. Increased scrotal temperature due to tight underpants can also be the reason for infertility.

Lifestyle choices

Tobacco smoking or drinking alcohol can lead to erectile dysfunction or decreased sperm production. Usage of drugs like marijuana or cocaine can reduce the quality and production of your sperms. Emotional stress and depression can lead to sexual dysfunction. Excessive weight or obesity can also be the reason for infertility.

Male Infertility Diagnosis

The diagnosis of male infertility can be a complicated process. Getting yourself evaluated from a physician, specialized in male infertility can help you with better diagnosis. The method of diagnosis starts with history and physical examination.

History and Physical examination

Your health care provider will take a detailed history of your health and any previous surgeries. You will be asked about any childhood diseases, current health problems, any medications you are taking, which might be causing infertility. You will also be assessed for exposure to any environmental or lifestyle-related causes leading to infertility. You will be asked if you are facing any difficulties with sexual functioning. Physical examination includes examining your reproductive organs. Here you will be assessed for varicocele or other physical abnormalities.

Semen analysis

This is a routine lab test in which semen is collected in a sterile tube, and the sample is studied. The quality of the sperm is analyzed by studying sperm volume, sperm count, movement, concentration, and structure. Low sperms or no sperms indicate blockage of the ejaculatory duct, which can be corrected through surgery.

Testicular biopsy

This test is done when your semen analysis shows low sperm count or no sperms. A needle biopsy is taken to check for the presence of healthy sperms. This helps to diagnose if there is any blockage, and also these sperms can be used in the process of assisted reproduction.

Hormone evaluation

Testosterone and other hormones are responsible for the production of healthy sperms. Hormone evaluation also helps the doctor to rule out if you are suffering from any other underlying health problem.

Male Infertility treatment

Treatment of male infertility mainly depends on the possible causes. Many issues can be treated with medication and surgery. This helps in reversing the cause of infertility and achieving conception naturally.

Nonsurgical procedures

Infertility caused due to abnormalities of hormones, immunity, retrograde ejaculation, or genital tract infection can be corrected by using medications. If the drugs don’t seem to help, you can opt for assisted reproductive techniques (ART’s) to achieve conception.

Surgical procedures

Condition like varicocele can be treated by minor outpatient surgery called varicocelectomy. Any blockage causing azoospermia can also be corrected using minor surgeries.

Treatment options for unknown causes of infertility

Sometimes the cause of infertility may not be known or is non-specific. During such conditions, an experienced doctor can help you to decide which treatment can work for you. With the latest developments, Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART) offers powerful treatment options. These treatments have made it possible to attain pregnancy even when men have low sperm count.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI)

In this method, sperms are directly injected into the female partner’s uterus during ovulation. This method often works for low sperm count or in conditions like retrograde ejaculation.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In this procedure, sperms are mixed with eggs of the female partner in a Petri dish in a lab. This allows retrieval of matured eggs and their fertilization. After 3 to 5 days, fertilized eggs are placed back in the uterus. IVF can be the best treatment option in men with severe oligospermia.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

It is a form of IVF used in the treatment of severe male infertility. In this, a single sperm is injected into an egg through a tiny needle. The fertilized egg is then transferred to the female partner’s uterus.

Final Words

You may find it challenging to accept male infertility. As mentioned above in many cases, male infertility can be treated. Consulting a skilled infertility doctor and getting evaluated can help you to overcome infertility. Right diagnosis and treatment can make it possible to achieve pregnancy and take home a healthy baby.

 

Visitor information

To contact a patient or for patient room information, call +234 806 502 8060 , +234 806 502 8060

Visiting hours

General: 8 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. Family members with an ID badge have 24-hour access to the hospital.

Address

  • El-Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics Plot #930 Salihu Iliyasu Street, Life Camp, Abuja, Nigeria.

When is the best time of the month to try for a baby?

Almost every woman at some point of time in her life wants to become a mother. Motherhood is a symbol of undiluted love. It is often seen that women have to make huge sacrifices in their respective careers to be able to start a family. However, we should also remember that every lady has a right to excel in her career no matter how long it takes.

She should not be held captive by her advancing age- to choose pregnancy over career. She deserves full freedom to achieve her career goals before making the life- changing decision of having a child. So let us understand today what is the best time to conceive.

We often come across couples at our clinic who ask if it is the right time to conceive? is it too late? Can I wait a little more?

Firstly when is the

We all have to accept that men and women are biologically different. A male can have normal spermatogenesis that is production and maturation of normal sperms even till 65 to 70 years of age, but a female has a fixed reserve of eggs at the time of birth. As her age increases the quantity of her eggs goes on decreasing. So, the quantity and quality of eggs of a female are the best when she is 21 to 30 years old. After 30 years, the quantity of eggs starts decreasing at a slightly faster rate. And after 35 years it’s not only the quantity but also the quality of eggs that gets affected.

So the ideal time /the best time for a woman to conceive is between 21 to 30 years as it is during these years that the quantity and quality of eggs is at the best level.

But does it mean that after 30 years you cannot conceive ? Absolutely not

Today we have an option of infertility prevention or in other words fertility preservation wherein you can freeze your eggs and store them at a younger age when they are of good quality and you can use them at a later age when you plan to have a baby. By freezing your eggs you are actually buying time so that you can have children when you actually want them.

Best time to conceive a baby

Now , many of us are not aware of the body processes involved in conceiving.

Let me explain them to you –

As you all know that a normal female has a uterus and two fallopian tubes and two ovaries. Every month follicles get selected in one of the ovaries out of which one follicle dominates and ruptures after it grows to a particular size.

When the follicle ruptures at the time of ovulation, an egg is released which travels to the fallopian tube and waits for the sperm. If at the same time the sperms swim up till the egg in the fallopian tube, one of the sperm fertilises the egg and an embryo is formed. This embryo travels in 5 to 6 days to the uterus where it gets implanted and the woman becomes pregnant.

Now let’s discuss the best time to conceive during a menstrual cycle.
If you are trying to conceive naturally it is important that you know your menstrual cycle.

At Elrapha Hospital, our fertility experts are keen to help and resolve all your queries related to infertility or IVF. You can book your appointment for a consultation now.

Talk to the best team of fertility experts in the country today for all your pregnancy and fertility-related queries.

Call now (+234)90998889015

best hospital in nigeria 2020

FACTS ABOUT IN VITRO FERTILIZATION

       IVF is a popular form of infertility treatment. Here are some facts you should know if you are considering the procedure;

  1. IVF is a natural process. A lot of people believe that IVF is an artificial process. This is false. The difference between IVF and traditional conception is that fertilization takes place outside of the body. After the egg has been fertilized by the sperm, the embryo is implanted back into the uterus and the patient carries the pregnancy to term naturally.
  2. IVF babies are not born with birth defects. IVF does not increase the chances of babies having birth defects. Countless studies on the subject have proved it without a doubt. IVF pregnancies are safe.
  3. IVF is not a “cure all” for all fertility issues. IVF does not work for every infertility case. There are different fertility treatments available for different causes of infertility. IVF is just one of the most common ones. This is why it is advisable to consult a fertility expert when you are ready to start a family. A fertility expert will run some tests and if you are in need of fertility treatment, the best option for you will be selected.
  4. IVF is not excessively expensive. IVF procedures are more affordable than a lot of people think they are. There are different fertility clinics in Nigeria that offer quality fertility treatment including IVF. If you do some research, it will be very difficult not to find one that does not match your budget. However, make sure that price is not the dominant factor when you opt for a fertility clinic. You must consider the clinic’s success rates, specialists as well as how they treat their patients. Do not pick a fertility clinic just because their prices are low. Some fertility clinics also offer payment plans for their clients to make it easier on them.
  5. IVF does not require a Caesarean section. All IVF procedure will not result to the patient having a Caesarean section. It is not a part of the process. Normal vaginal delivery is more common during IVF than Caesarean sections.
  6. IVF is not guess work. It is an extremely delicate technique. Only certified fertility clinics are licensed to carry out this procedure. It is a form of treatment recommended by fertility experts after thoroughly studying the reasons behind the patient’s infertility case. It is a procedure backed by decades of research and advancement in the medical field. The success rate of IVF for patients under 35 years is a little above 40%.
  7. IVF is not successful 100% of the time. Millions of couples have achieved their goals of starting a family thanks to IVF. It is not always successful. It has a high success rate but like other medical solutions underlying issues may hinder its success. Sometimes after a few more tries it can be successful. Other times it may not.
  8. You cannot choose to get pregnant at any age using IVF. IVF can be used to treat some age related fertility cases but it is not a guarantee that you can choose to get pregnant at any age based on that. Fertility decreases as a woman gets older. This because the quality of the eggs decreases and it also gets more difficult for women over the age of 40 to carry a successful pregnancy. If you would like to get pregnant  later on, it would be a good idea to talk to your fertility doctor about preserving your eggs when you are younger.
  9. IVF can also be used to treat male related fertility. Infertility issues are not always from the woman. Low sperm counts, low quality of sperm cells are some fertility issues that affect men. IVF increases chances of fertilization and can be used successfully for male related fertility issues. When visiting a fertility doctor, it is a good idea to go with your partner so both of you can be tested.
  10.  You could need an IVF procedure even if you have spontaneously conceived before. It is not uncommon for women who have had one or more children previously without any help to use IVF if they want to conceive again. Remember, fertility decreases with age. Other factors could also arise between one pregnancy and the next.
  11.  IVF does not necessarily mean multiple births. Sometimes more than one embryo is implanted into the womb to increase chances of a successful pregnancy. This may lead to multiple births. However, you can always choose to implant one of the healthiest embryos to avoid the risk of multiple pregnancies. It is not a requirement to implant more than one embryo.
  12.  IVF does not cause any form of cancer. Ovarian stimulation is a process in the IVF procedure. Ovarian stimulation has been thought to cause cancer. Studies have debunked this claim. IVF absolutely does not cause cancer. 

   Are you and your partner considering In Vitro Fertilization? We hope this article has cleared any myths you may have heard about the procedure. You can contact us at El-Rapha Hospital and Diagnostics for a consultation with one of our fertility experts. We would love to have you.   

IS IVF DIFFERENT FROM ICSI?

PROCEDURE

IVF (In Virtro Fertilization) and ICSI (IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection) are both forms of Assisted Reproductive Technology. They are a bit similar to each other but there are also some important differences you should know about if you are considering either one of them.

       The most significant difference between IVF and ICSI is their procedures. In both cases fertilization takes place outside the womb in the lab. The process of fertilization is different.

       During an IVF procedure, the egg is placed in a sperm culture and fertilization takes place naturally.

       For ICSI, a single sperm cell is injected directly into the middle of the egg. This greatly increases the chances of fertilization.

WHICH SHOULD YOU CHOOSE?

       Some fertility clinics do not offer ICSI and IVF as separate procedures. ICSI is considered as a possible option with IVF. It is normally recommended if the underlying cause of infertility lies with the male. When the sperm count is low, or the sperm cells lack motility or are of poor quality, ICSI can greatly improve the success rate of fertilization. The success rate of fertilization with ICSI is between 60%-80%. Although some studies has shown that normal IVF procedure without ICSI has a slightly higher success rate than with ICSI.

PRICING

       ICSI is a bit pricier than IVF. The difference in price is as a result of the direct fertilization process.

AT EL-RAPHA

       After consulting with one of our fertility experts, our patients are advised on which option would be best suited to then.

FERTILITY AND BIRTH CONTROL

Does using any of the birth control methods reduce your chances of getting pregnant in the future? There is a common misconception that using any form of birth control could delay pregnancy in the future, however numerous research has proven otherwise.

It is possible and even commonplace to conceive as early as your next cycle after discontinuing whatever form of birth control you were on. This includes: condoms or diaphragms, the pill, IUDs etc. Implants may take a little longer because they are designed to pregnant pregnancy for longer periods. Once their effects lapses, it is not unusual for the female to conceive as soon as possible.

      The delay observed after the use of birth control is more likely to be as a result of the age of the female. Fertility decreases with age once a woman hits her late 20s or early 30s.

       If you do observe some delay in getting pregnant after discontinuing any sort of birth control method, you should not be alarmed. Studies have shown that the chance of pregnancy per ovulation cycle is 30% in even healthy couples.

         If you and your partner has decided to start a family it is a good idea to visit a fertility clinic or consult your gynaecologist to ensure you have all the information you need.

Egg+Retrieval_in_Abuja

OOCYTE RETRIEVAL

       Oocyte retrieval is a procedure used to obtain eggs from a female’s ovary. The procedure has minimal risks. The entire procedure usually takes between 30-60 minutes and the patient can be discharged that same day after a few hours of rest.

WHO NEEDS AN OOCYTE RETRIEVAL

    We perform an oocyte retrieval for patients who are eligible for procedures like IVF, ICSI etc. Oocyte retrieval is also performed to obtain eggs for preservation or embryo freezing.

HOW IT WORKS

       About 36 hours before the procedure, a hcG(human choronionic gonadropin) injection is administered to the patient. HCG is a hormone that signals the follicles to prepare to ovulate. The eggs are retrieved while they are still in the follicles. It is easier to obtain them this way.

       A surgeon performs the procedure with the guidance of ultrasound technology. The surgeon uses a needle to pierce a follicle and suctions the oocyte out. The surgeon repeats the process on another follicle.

       Oocyte retrieval is not a fertility treatment in Abuja on its own. It is a stage in procedures such as IVF, ICSI and other assisted reproductive techniques.

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