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MALE INFERTILITY

Infertility is failure to get pregnant even after twelve months of unprotected sexual intercourse. Many factors can leads to male infertility, such as anatomical, genetic, and environmental causes. In many cases, the underlying cause of infertility cannot be determined. You need to consider undergoing formal assessments and tests for better clinical diagnosis.

Male Infertility Symptoms

You may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

• Reduced sexual desire
• Difficulty in maintaining an erection
• Pain or swelling in the testicle area
• Difficulty in ejaculation
• Decreased facial and body hair, and abnormal breast growth or hormonal abnormality

Visit El-rapha hospital to get yourself evaluated for these symptoms. Sometimes there are no apparent signs and symptoms of male infertility. You may not experience any issues with sexual activity, erection or ejaculation, and the only symptom you will have is the inability to conceive a child.

Male Infertility Problems/Causes

Male fertility includes producing enough healthy sperms, their transportation with semen, and it also needs the right temperature of the scrotum to carry healthy sperms.

Some of the leading causes of infertility are:

Sperm disorders

The most common problem associated with male infertility is sperm disorders. These are:

• Decreased sperm count

• Inability to produce sperms 

• Sperms may not be grown fully

• The failure of the sperms to move the right way

Sperm disorders can be hereditary or can be the result of bad lifestyle choices. Drug usage, smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, emotional stress, and depression can result in sperm related disorders. Also, any congenital disability or damage to the reproductive system may result in low sperm count.

Varicoceles

Varicoceles are swollen veins of the scrotum that causes infertility. This results due to the blockage of blood flow to the scrotum, leading to difficulty in temperature regulation. The warm temperature does not favor the production of sperms resulting in low sperm count.

Varicocele can be treated, which helps to improve sperm number and function, and this may also improve the potential outcome of assisted reproductive techniques such as IVF.

Immunity related infertility

Though it is not a common cause of infertility, sometimes your body creates antibodies that attack your own sperms. These antibodies affect the functionality of sperms, which makes it difficult for them to fertilize the egg.

Ejaculation issues

During orgasm, if semen enters the bladder instead of going out through the penis, it is called retrograde ejaculation. Various health problems can cause retrograde ejaculation, such as surgery, medication, spinal injuries, or diabetes. Generally, in retrograde ejaculation sperm count is normal and can be retrieved and used for assisted reproductive techniques.

Blockage of sperm transporting tubules

Some defects can block the tubes that carry sperms. This blockage can occur due to repeated infections, injury due to surgery, swelling, or it can be an inherited condition. This blockage can prevent the sperm from leaving the body for fertilization.

Hormonal Imbalance

Any hormonal abnormality affecting the hypothalamus, pituitary, or adrenal glands can cause infertility. The inability to produce an adequate amount of testosterone can lead to a reduced number of healthy sperms.

Chromosomal defects

An inherited disorder can result in abnormal development of male reproductive organs. Some of the genetic syndromes causing infertility are Klinefelter’s syndrome, Kallmann’s syndrome, or cystic fibrosis.

Medications

Certain medications can impair the function, structure, and production of sperms. Long term use of steroids, cancer medication (chemotherapy), antifungal medications, and medications advised for arthritis and depression can cause infertility.

Environmental causes

Overexposure to industrial chemicals, heavy metals, or radiation may contribute to your reduced sperm count. Increased scrotal temperature due to tight underpants can also be the reason for infertility.

Lifestyle choices

Tobacco smoking or drinking alcohol can lead to erectile dysfunction or decreased sperm production. Usage of drugs like marijuana or cocaine can reduce the quality and production of your sperms. Emotional stress and depression can lead to sexual dysfunction. Excessive weight or obesity can also be the reason for infertility.

Male Infertility Diagnosis

The diagnosis of male infertility can be a complicated process. Getting yourself evaluated from a physician, specialized in male infertility can help you with better diagnosis. The method of diagnosis starts with history and physical examination.

History and Physical examination

Your health care provider will take a detailed history of your health and any previous surgeries. You will be asked about any childhood diseases, current health problems, any medications you are taking, which might be causing infertility. You will also be assessed for exposure to any environmental or lifestyle-related causes leading to infertility. You will be asked if you are facing any difficulties with sexual functioning. Physical examination includes examining your reproductive organs. Here you will be assessed for varicocele or other physical abnormalities.

Semen analysis

This is a routine lab test in which semen is collected in a sterile tube, and the sample is studied. The quality of the sperm is analyzed by studying sperm volume, sperm count, movement, concentration, and structure. Low sperms or no sperms indicate blockage of the ejaculatory duct, which can be corrected through surgery.

Testicular biopsy

This test is done when your semen analysis shows low sperm count or no sperms. A needle biopsy is taken to check for the presence of healthy sperms. This helps to diagnose if there is any blockage, and also these sperms can be used in the process of assisted reproduction.

Hormone evaluation

Testosterone and other hormones are responsible for the production of healthy sperms. Hormone evaluation also helps the doctor to rule out if you are suffering from any other underlying health problem.

Male Infertility treatment

Treatment of male infertility mainly depends on the possible causes. Many issues can be treated with medication and surgery. This helps in reversing the cause of infertility and achieving conception naturally.

Nonsurgical procedures

Infertility caused due to abnormalities of hormones, immunity, retrograde ejaculation, or genital tract infection can be corrected by using medications. If the drugs don’t seem to help, you can opt for assisted reproductive techniques (ART’s) to achieve conception.

Surgical procedures

Condition like varicocele can be treated by minor outpatient surgery called varicocelectomy. Any blockage causing azoospermia can also be corrected using minor surgeries.

Treatment options for unknown causes of infertility

Sometimes the cause of infertility may not be known or is non-specific. During such conditions, an experienced doctor can help you to decide which treatment can work for you. With the latest developments, Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART) offers powerful treatment options. These treatments have made it possible to attain pregnancy even when men have low sperm count.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI)

In this method, sperms are directly injected into the female partner’s uterus during ovulation. This method often works for low sperm count or in conditions like retrograde ejaculation.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In this procedure, sperms are mixed with eggs of the female partner in a Petri dish in a lab. This allows retrieval of matured eggs and their fertilization. After 3 to 5 days, fertilized eggs are placed back in the uterus. IVF can be the best treatment option in men with severe oligospermia.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

It is a form of IVF used in the treatment of severe male infertility. In this, a single sperm is injected into an egg through a tiny needle. The fertilized egg is then transferred to the female partner’s uterus.

Final Words

You may find it challenging to accept male infertility. As mentioned above in many cases, male infertility can be treated. Consulting a skilled infertility doctor and getting evaluated can help you to overcome infertility. Right diagnosis and treatment can make it possible to achieve pregnancy and take home a healthy baby.

 

Visitor information

To contact a patient or for patient room information, call +234 806 502 8060 , +234 806 502 8060

Visiting hours

General: 8 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. Family members with an ID badge have 24-hour access to the hospital.

Address

  • El-Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics Plot #930 Salihu Iliyasu Street, Life Camp, Abuja, Nigeria.

IVF PROCESS- A STEP BY STEP GUIDE

IVF PROCESS- A STEP BY STEP GUIDE

At Elrapha Hospital, we fulfill the parenthood dreams of infertile couples with various infertility treatment processes including IVF, with the help of advanced technology, personalized care and closed working chamber technique, which has significantly improved the outcome of IVF cycles and hence, helping us in bringing little miracles to the aspiring couples. IVF treatment is a series of procedures. The steps for IVF treatment process include-

1. Initial Consultation

Your first step towards a happier life should be meeting up with an IVF specialist. During this appointment, our specialist will review all the medical information you have provided including the previous tests or treatments undergone. Once all the information has been discussed, the specialist will recommend the best way to proceed. This consultation initiates the IVF Process.

2. Testing and Ovary Stimulation

After all the required tests done in the initial phase of IVF process, the stimulation process will start on the first day of your monthly cycle. Unlike normal, you will be given medications for 8-14 days to encourage the follicles in your ovaries to produce more eggs. Most common hormones used for stimulation are Follicle-stimulating hormone and Luteinizing hormone. To time the ‘trigger injection’ perfectly, you will be tracked towards the end of the stimulation phase. This shot gets the eggs ready for ovulation hence, completing the 2nd step of IVF Procedure.

3. Egg retrieval

In this step of IVF treatment process, the eggs are collected from your ovaries. This procedure takes about 20-30 minutes while you are asleep. Your specialist will use the latest ultrasound technology to guide a needle into each ovary. In egg retrieval process, the average number of eggs collected is 8-15.

4. Sperm Retrieval

Sperm retrieval is done on the same day as that of egg retrieval if you are a couple planning to use fresh sperm in an IVF treatment procedure. In case of frozen or donor eggs, the specialists will keep them ready in the lab. The sperm is selected on the basis of 4 different levels of quality. A perfectly healthy sperm is neither too fat nor too thin. Hence, the best sperms among all are selected for further fertilization.

5. Fertilization

In this step of IVF Procedure, the scientists will now use powerful microscopes to find the eggs from the fluid so they can be taken out of it. Then both eggs and sperm are fertilized in a dish in vitro.

6. Embryo Development

Fertilization of the egg and the sperm results into a zygote which further develops into an embryo. Then the embryo is placed in a special incubator where the conditions for growth and development are the same as a mother’s womb. Our scientists keep an eye on the embryos over 5-6 days. In this infertility treatment process, implanting embryos at the blastocyst stage inside the uterus boosts the chances of a successful pregnancy.

7. Embryo Transfer

It is a very simple step of IVF treatment procedure. The patients need not to be given anesthesia and they can be in their senses completely. Here, the scientist prepares the embryo by placing it in a catheter (small tube). This process is carried out by an expert only because it requires precision and zero disturbances. Hence, he will place the catheter through the cervix into your uterus.

8. Final Pregnancy Test

Two weeks post your embryo transfer; your specialist will conduct a blood test to measure your hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) hormone level. When hCG is detected in your bloodstream, it is a positive sign of pregnancy. Also, it is the final step of the IVF Procedure and the 1st step towards parenthood.

Anniversary discount in this month of February

Take advantage of our Anniversary discount in this month of February!
– 50% off on Registration
– 25% off on Consultations
– 20% off on our wellness packages
All you have to do is walk into our facility from the first of February and you are eligible for this massive discount!
For more Inquiries call us on 09098889015
This is our way of saying thank you for your continuous patronage, love and support since we opened our doors on February 2, 2017.
*Offer Valid all through February, 2021
Terms and Conditions apply.

When is the best time of the month to try for a baby?

Almost every woman at some point of time in her life wants to become a mother. Motherhood is a symbol of undiluted love. It is often seen that women have to make huge sacrifices in their respective careers to be able to start a family. However, we should also remember that every lady has a right to excel in her career no matter how long it takes.

She should not be held captive by her advancing age- to choose pregnancy over career. She deserves full freedom to achieve her career goals before making the life- changing decision of having a child. So let us understand today what is the best time to conceive.

We often come across couples at our clinic who ask if it is the right time to conceive? is it too late? Can I wait a little more?

Firstly when is the

We all have to accept that men and women are biologically different. A male can have normal spermatogenesis that is production and maturation of normal sperms even till 65 to 70 years of age, but a female has a fixed reserve of eggs at the time of birth. As her age increases the quantity of her eggs goes on decreasing. So, the quantity and quality of eggs of a female are the best when she is 21 to 30 years old. After 30 years, the quantity of eggs starts decreasing at a slightly faster rate. And after 35 years it’s not only the quantity but also the quality of eggs that gets affected.

So the ideal time /the best time for a woman to conceive is between 21 to 30 years as it is during these years that the quantity and quality of eggs is at the best level.

But does it mean that after 30 years you cannot conceive ? Absolutely not

Today we have an option of infertility prevention or in other words fertility preservation wherein you can freeze your eggs and store them at a younger age when they are of good quality and you can use them at a later age when you plan to have a baby. By freezing your eggs you are actually buying time so that you can have children when you actually want them.

Best time to conceive a baby

Now , many of us are not aware of the body processes involved in conceiving.

Let me explain them to you –

As you all know that a normal female has a uterus and two fallopian tubes and two ovaries. Every month follicles get selected in one of the ovaries out of which one follicle dominates and ruptures after it grows to a particular size.

When the follicle ruptures at the time of ovulation, an egg is released which travels to the fallopian tube and waits for the sperm. If at the same time the sperms swim up till the egg in the fallopian tube, one of the sperm fertilises the egg and an embryo is formed. This embryo travels in 5 to 6 days to the uterus where it gets implanted and the woman becomes pregnant.

Now let’s discuss the best time to conceive during a menstrual cycle.
If you are trying to conceive naturally it is important that you know your menstrual cycle.

At Elrapha Hospital, our fertility experts are keen to help and resolve all your queries related to infertility or IVF. You can book your appointment for a consultation now.

Talk to the best team of fertility experts in the country today for all your pregnancy and fertility-related queries.

Call now (+234)90998889015

MISCARRIAGES AND INFERTILITY

Losing a baby is a devastating experience. No matter how early or late into the pregnancy a woman is, the loss of a child hits incredibly hard. Recurrent miscarriages can be confusing. There is no evidence that suggests that a woman cannot go on to have a normal successful pregnancy after one, two or even three miscarriages. It is advisable to consult a fertility doctor if you have experienced a miscarriage especially if it has happened more than once. Miscarriages are sometimes caused by underlying health issues. If these issues are not treated, it could prevent future pregnancies.

       A miscarriage is the loss of pregnancy before the 20th week. Over a million cases are recorded in Nigeria each year. Some women may miscarry before they have any clue that they are pregnant. Miscarriages do not cause infertility, but a woman that has miscarried once may experience another miscarriage especially if she has an underlying health issue.

       There are two main types of miscarriages: early miscarriage and late miscarriage.

       Early miscarriage occurs during the first trimester, i.e., within the first 12 weeks of the pregnancy. Most miscarriages occur during this period. The most common cause of early miscarriage is chromosomal abnormalities with either the sperm or the egg.

       Late miscarriage happens after the first trimester (after 12 weeks), but before week 20. It happens during the second trimester of the pregnancy.


What causes a miscarriage?

  • Chromosomal abnormalities
  • Uterine or cervix abnormalities
  • PCOS
  • Bacterial infections etc.

       Most early miscarriages may occur without any physical symptoms. Abdominal cramps, abdominal pains and vaginal bleeding are some symptoms that may indicate a possible miscarriage. It is important to note that these symptoms sometimes occur during a normal pregnancy and do not necessarily mean a miscarriage is inevitable. It is important to report any uncomfortable feeling or symptoms to your healthcare provider. Sudden loss of common early signs of pregnancy, for example nausea and tenderness of breasts are also possible signs of a miscarriage.

       If a woman has a health condition that is known to cause to miscarriage, very little can be done to prevent miscarriage in the first trimester. In the second and third trimester, there are higher chances of sustaining the pregnancy.

       You can make a few lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of miscarriages.

  • Always go for regular pre natal check up.
  • Avoid smoking, drugs and alcohol.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Avoid being overweight or underweight.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Limit your caffeine intake

WHAT IS SECONDARY INFERTILITY?

      Secondary infertility is the inability to conceive after giving birth to at least one child before without any medical intervention. Secondary infertility can be very confusing. Most people believe that being able to conceive once or more automatically means that they would not need any help getting pregnant again. A study published in 2018 stated that secondary infertility is more common that primary fertility (where pregnancy has not occurred at all). Couples who experience secondary fertility are less likely to visit a fertility clinic or consult a fertility doctor because they believe that if they keep trying, the woman will conceive, after all they have done it before. 

Secondary infertility can be caused by the same factors responsible for primary infertility. These could be:

  • Impaired sperm production, function or delivery
  • Damage to the fallopian tube
  • Ovulation problems
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Endometriosis

       Health problems that were not present during the first pregnancy could lead to secondary infertility, such as an underlying fertility problem that has worsened over time. Age is also a major cause of secondary infertility. Fertility decreases with age. If a woman has her first child in her mid 30s and is trying to have her second child in her late 30s, the chances of secondary infertility occurring are significantly higher than those of a younger woman.

       Treatments for secondary fertility are the same for primary fertility. They include;

  • Fertility drugs and medication. This is usually the first stage of treatment for most fertility cases. In most cases, both primary and secondary infertility can be treated with fertility drugs and injections prescribed by a fertility doctor. If the underlying problem is more serious, the other forms of assisted reproductive techniques are recommended.
  • In Vitro Fertilization. This is the most common of all assisted reproductive techniques. IVF involves fertilizing the sperm and egg in lab and implanting the fertilized embryo into the uterus of the mother or surrogate.

Other ARTs includes; Intra Uterine Insemination, In Vitro Maturation, Testicular Sperm Aspiration, etc.

       Secondary infertility can be mentally stressful and draining. Most couples won’t think of visiting a fertility clinic when they experience it. It is advisable to speak to a fertility expert if you have been trying for a year (for women under the age of 35) or for six months (for women above the age of 35) to conceive, if you have had other children in the past. Delaying seeking for help could make the underlying issue worsen. It is perfectly okay to seek a little help in achieving your dream family.   

Elrapha Hospital

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

From the onset of the pandemic to socio-economical crisis that has plagued our country and the world at large, 2020 has a been a year we did not anticipate. However these issues has made us question what really matters to us as human beings. The importance of respect and understanding has never been so loudly echoed in recent history as it is in these times. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
We are faced once again with an existential threat that made us realize the importance of love, consideration and compassion. Today, December 10th commemorates the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. And on this day , our simple message to you is Love

PRETERM BIRTHS

The 17th day of November every year is dedicated to raise awareness of premature births around the world. A baby is said to be born prematurely if delivered after less than 37 weeks of pregnancy. A normal pregnancy lasts for about 40 weeks. In 2018 the World Health Organization released a report on the countries with the most premature births in the world. Nigeria was listed as the third country with the highest preterm births. There are three categories of preterm births

  • Extremely preterm- babies born after less than 28 weeks of pregnancy
  • Very preterm- babies born after 28 to 32 weeks of pregnancy
  •  Moderate to late preterm- babies born after 32 to 37 weeks of pregnancy.

       The reasons for preterm births are largely unknown. Some factors that could lead to a premature birth are:

  • Less than 6 months interval between pregnancies
  • Multiple miscarriages or abortions
  • A previous premature birth
  • Alcohol and tobacco use
  • Medical conditions such as pre-eclampsia, diabetes etc.
  • Problems with the uterus or cervix
  • Infections

       Most preterm births occur spontaneously. WHO recommends a minimum of 8 contacts with health professionals throughout a pregnancy in order to identify and manage risk factors. A health professional can detect early signs of premature birth and treat the symptoms to avoid preterm birth.

       Pre-term babies often require intensive care. They may experience problems with their lungs, hearts and other organs during the first couple of weeks after their birth. Pre-term babies get intensive care in the hospital’s neonatal intensive care unit. They get round the clock supervision and care during their entire stay in the NICU. The amount of time a baby stays in the NICU will depend on the baby’s health condition. Extremely pre-term babies usually spend a lot more time in the NICU. While most pre-term babies will develop normally, some may develop long term effects such as;

  • Learning difficulties
  • Anaemia
  • Behavioural and social-emotional problems

       Access to quality healthcare greatly increases the survival of babies born pre-term. If there are signs that a pre-term birth is imminent, it is advisable to have the baby in a hospital that has standard NICU facilities and staff.

FERTILITY TREATMENT AND PRE-TERM BIRTHS

       One of the possible causes of pre-term births is multiple pregnancies. Fertility treatments that involve transfer of embryos may increase chances of pre-term births if multiple embryos are transferred into the uterus. This is done to increase the chances of pregnancies especially in older women or due to the cause of infertility in the first place.

       To prevent multiple pregnancies and reduce the chances of pre-term births, fertility doctors implant only one embryo at a time in most cases. The embryo implanted is determined to be the healthiest one. Patients can decide to preserve other healthy embryos in case the first cycle is unsuccessful or for future use. Your fertility doctor will advise you on the best course of action.     

best hospital in nigeria 2020

FACTS ABOUT IN VITRO FERTILIZATION

       IVF is a popular form of infertility treatment. Here are some facts you should know if you are considering the procedure;

  1. IVF is a natural process. A lot of people believe that IVF is an artificial process. This is false. The difference between IVF and traditional conception is that fertilization takes place outside of the body. After the egg has been fertilized by the sperm, the embryo is implanted back into the uterus and the patient carries the pregnancy to term naturally.
  2. IVF babies are not born with birth defects. IVF does not increase the chances of babies having birth defects. Countless studies on the subject have proved it without a doubt. IVF pregnancies are safe.
  3. IVF is not a “cure all” for all fertility issues. IVF does not work for every infertility case. There are different fertility treatments available for different causes of infertility. IVF is just one of the most common ones. This is why it is advisable to consult a fertility expert when you are ready to start a family. A fertility expert will run some tests and if you are in need of fertility treatment, the best option for you will be selected.
  4. IVF is not excessively expensive. IVF procedures are more affordable than a lot of people think they are. There are different fertility clinics in Nigeria that offer quality fertility treatment including IVF. If you do some research, it will be very difficult not to find one that does not match your budget. However, make sure that price is not the dominant factor when you opt for a fertility clinic. You must consider the clinic’s success rates, specialists as well as how they treat their patients. Do not pick a fertility clinic just because their prices are low. Some fertility clinics also offer payment plans for their clients to make it easier on them.
  5. IVF does not require a Caesarean section. All IVF procedure will not result to the patient having a Caesarean section. It is not a part of the process. Normal vaginal delivery is more common during IVF than Caesarean sections.
  6. IVF is not guess work. It is an extremely delicate technique. Only certified fertility clinics are licensed to carry out this procedure. It is a form of treatment recommended by fertility experts after thoroughly studying the reasons behind the patient’s infertility case. It is a procedure backed by decades of research and advancement in the medical field. The success rate of IVF for patients under 35 years is a little above 40%.
  7. IVF is not successful 100% of the time. Millions of couples have achieved their goals of starting a family thanks to IVF. It is not always successful. It has a high success rate but like other medical solutions underlying issues may hinder its success. Sometimes after a few more tries it can be successful. Other times it may not.
  8. You cannot choose to get pregnant at any age using IVF. IVF can be used to treat some age related fertility cases but it is not a guarantee that you can choose to get pregnant at any age based on that. Fertility decreases as a woman gets older. This because the quality of the eggs decreases and it also gets more difficult for women over the age of 40 to carry a successful pregnancy. If you would like to get pregnant  later on, it would be a good idea to talk to your fertility doctor about preserving your eggs when you are younger.
  9. IVF can also be used to treat male related fertility. Infertility issues are not always from the woman. Low sperm counts, low quality of sperm cells are some fertility issues that affect men. IVF increases chances of fertilization and can be used successfully for male related fertility issues. When visiting a fertility doctor, it is a good idea to go with your partner so both of you can be tested.
  10.  You could need an IVF procedure even if you have spontaneously conceived before. It is not uncommon for women who have had one or more children previously without any help to use IVF if they want to conceive again. Remember, fertility decreases with age. Other factors could also arise between one pregnancy and the next.
  11.  IVF does not necessarily mean multiple births. Sometimes more than one embryo is implanted into the womb to increase chances of a successful pregnancy. This may lead to multiple births. However, you can always choose to implant one of the healthiest embryos to avoid the risk of multiple pregnancies. It is not a requirement to implant more than one embryo.
  12.  IVF does not cause any form of cancer. Ovarian stimulation is a process in the IVF procedure. Ovarian stimulation has been thought to cause cancer. Studies have debunked this claim. IVF absolutely does not cause cancer. 

   Are you and your partner considering In Vitro Fertilization? We hope this article has cleared any myths you may have heard about the procedure. You can contact us at El-Rapha Hospital and Diagnostics for a consultation with one of our fertility experts. We would love to have you.   

IS IVF DIFFERENT FROM ICSI?

PROCEDURE

IVF (In Virtro Fertilization) and ICSI (IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection) are both forms of Assisted Reproductive Technology. They are a bit similar to each other but there are also some important differences you should know about if you are considering either one of them.

       The most significant difference between IVF and ICSI is their procedures. In both cases fertilization takes place outside the womb in the lab. The process of fertilization is different.

       During an IVF procedure, the egg is placed in a sperm culture and fertilization takes place naturally.

       For ICSI, a single sperm cell is injected directly into the middle of the egg. This greatly increases the chances of fertilization.

WHICH SHOULD YOU CHOOSE?

       Some fertility clinics do not offer ICSI and IVF as separate procedures. ICSI is considered as a possible option with IVF. It is normally recommended if the underlying cause of infertility lies with the male. When the sperm count is low, or the sperm cells lack motility or are of poor quality, ICSI can greatly improve the success rate of fertilization. The success rate of fertilization with ICSI is between 60%-80%. Although some studies has shown that normal IVF procedure without ICSI has a slightly higher success rate than with ICSI.

PRICING

       ICSI is a bit pricier than IVF. The difference in price is as a result of the direct fertilization process.

AT EL-RAPHA

       After consulting with one of our fertility experts, our patients are advised on which option would be best suited to then.

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