PCOS treatment in Abuja


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a hormonal disorder that affects millions of women around the world. Over a hundred thousand cases of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome occur each year in Nigeria. A large percentage of this number will however remain undiagnosed. This is one of the reasons why the entire month of September is designated to increase awareness about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome popularly called PCOS.  

       PCOS affects a woman’s hormonal levels. It causes the ovaries to produce higher than normal amounts of the male hormone androgen. This affects ovulation and may make it difficult for the woman to get pregnant. Symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Irregular periods
  • Increased hair growth including facial hair.
  • Weight gain etc.

       Early diagnosis of PCOS may reduce the risk of long-term complications. The exact cause of PCOS is unknown but medical experts have linked genetics and insulin resistance amongst others to excess production of the male hormone androgen.

       There is currently no cure for PCOS, doctors focus on treating the symptoms of each individual patient. PCOS may lead to weight gain or obesity. Weight loss and physical exercise and maintaining a healthy diet are very important aspects of treating PCOS. Medications such as birth control pills and anti-diabetic medication are also used to treat Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

       A study states that 70%-80% with PCOS have fertility issues. While Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a common cause of infertility, it does not always mean women with it cannot have children. There are different options available to women with PCOS. Your gynaecologist can always educate you on fertility and treatment options regarding PCOS.  Regular visits to your gynaecologists may increase chances of early detection. There is no special treatment centre for PCOS, a good fertility clinic in Abuja handle PCOS cases effectively.

 Make regular visits to your gynaecologist a norm.     



One of the major reasons why most people do not consider an IVF procedure in Nigeria is because of the cost. Many people believe it is outrageously expensive without even doing some research. This article will address some of the issues revolving around the cost of IVF in Nigeria.

Firstly and perhaps most importantly, a standard IVF procedure is more affordable than you realize. In Vitro Fertilization is an extremely specialized procedure that requires specialized knowledge and equipment. While this makes it costlier than a general procedure, it does not make it “expensive”. The cost of IVF in Nigeria today is much more affordable than it was ten years ago. In addition, a number of fertility clinics offers payment plans to make it even more affordable. If you do enough research, you will definitely find one that suits your budget.

Price does not necessarily determine whether the procedure will be successful or not. It does not work that way. There are many factors to consider before, during and after an IVF. Age, quality of the eggs, cause of infertility are some of the factors that could determine whether it would be successful or not. A higher price does not guarantee success and vice versa.

       It is always smart to select treatment plans within your budget, but this should not be the dominant factor. Before selecting a fertility clinic (or any hospital really), ensure you have done your homework. Success rates of past IVF patients, the clinic’s ratings, customer/patient care, available counselling, follow up etc, are factors you have to consider other than the price. Remember, the cost of IVF in Nigeria is not as expensive as you think it is and it is not the only factor you consider when you opt for it.

World Breastfeeding Week

Breastfeeding is very natural, but it doesn’t always mean it’s intuitive or easy. ⁣⁣⁣It will take some trial and error for both you and the babe before you have it down. The key is to be patient and persistent. If you stick with it through 4-6 week mark, it will only get easier!⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣ As far as position goes, there is no right or wrong way to feed the baby and soon you’ll figure out how you are both most comfortable. ⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣Try one or all of these breastfeeding positions and remember as the baby grows this might change or evolve.



Gynecologists are doctors who specialize in women’s health with a focus on the female reproductive system. Females from at least 20 years of age should practice visiting a gynecologist regularly. Regular visits to a gynecologist is very important as it improves a woman’s sexual and overall health, and it also increases the chances of detecting sexual infections or diseases earlier.

You should consult a gynecologist if you notice;
  • Changes in your period. When sexually active females stop getting their period, it is usually a sign of pregnancy. A gynecologist can help you prepare for a healthy pregnancy. He may also refer you to an obstetrician. An obstetrician is a gynecologist that specializes in pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Irregular bleeding. You should visit a gynecologist immediately if you notice bleeding not associated with your period. Irregular bleeding could be a sign of injury to the cervix, uterine fibroids, cervical or uterine cancer. Detecting these cases early can increase chances of successful treatment.
  • Painful periods. Periods are usually uncomfortable. Headaches, cramps and soreness are just a few of the common menstruation symptoms. If your periods are too painful or you notice that the pains get worse over time, ensure you visit a gynecologist. It could be a sign of an underlying issue.

When visiting a gynecologist, it is important to be completely honest and answer every question as best as you can. It is normal to be a little nervous when visiting a gynecologist especially if it is your first time. However, keep in mind that gynecologists are medical professionals who want the best for you. Regular visits to one gynecologist will help to reduce nervousness and makes it easier to be open and honest.


A fertility clinic is a medical clinic that assists couples and individuals who wants to become parents but for medical reasons have not been able to through the natural course.

Fertility clinics offers Assisted Reproductive Techniques. Some of these techniques includes In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Artificial Insemination, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), the use sperm donors or egg donors, etc. they also treat infertility related cases such as low sperm count, endometrosis, obstetric fistula. Fertility clinics often cater to males and females.

Assisted Reproductive Techniques was not accepted generally in Nigeria. This was due to traditional beliefs, religious stances and so on. Recently, it has been more accepted and more couples are seeking it out. This has led to a decrease in infertility cases and an increase in fertility clinics in Nigeria.

It is important to be careful when looking for the best fertility clinic in Nigeria. These are some things you should try to find out before committing to one;

  • The success rate. The fertility clinic should have a high success rate especially when compared to the number of cases they have handled.
  • The staff. The staff should be willing to answer as many questions as you ask as long as it does not breach confidentiality. When you call a potential fertility clinic be sure to take note of your enquiries are received.
  • The procedures they offer. Some fertility clinics in Nigeria do not offer a wide range of fertility remedies. Ensure to go for one that does. This way you would have a host of remedies to pick from.
  • The rates. While price should not be the dominant factor in choosing a fertility clinic, you should inquire about their prices. This will help you have a sense if what to expect.

Most fertility remedies are very delicate procedures. This is why you must be careful when choosing a fertility clinic in Nigeria. Choose a fertility clinic with high success rates, friendly staff and professional medical experts.

At EL-RAPHA HOSPITALS AND DIAGNOSTICS we believe you deserve only the best so we provide only the best fertility care.


While most ovarian cysts would go away on their own, some requires surgical removal. This surgery is called a Cystectomy. In Nigeria, and in most countries ovarian cysts are a common cause of hospital admissions for females.

An ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that forms on the surface of an ovary. It is usually non-cancerous. There are often no signs and symptoms presented by an ovarian cyst although some of them may cause pain and bleeding. Frequent visits to your gynecologist can significantly improve the chances of discovering a cyst early.

A cystectomy is performed in order to remove a more serious case of ovarian cyst. This procedure may be done via a Laparoscopy (keyhole surgery) or open surgery. it is mostly a minor surgery.

Ovarian cysts affect women of every age but older women are more likely to develop it. Family history of cancer, previous history of breast cancer and obesity also increases the risk of a female developing cysts.

Surgery may be needed to remove a cyst if;

  • The cyst does not go away after several menstrual periods
  • The cyst gets larger
  • The cyst has been causing pain.

Ovarian cysts can be caused by; hormonal problems, pregnancy and severe pelvic infections. Cysts formed during pregnancy are typically harmless. They will be monitored constantly by your gynecologist.

Obstetric fistula


Today marks the 7th annual International Day to End Obstetric Fistula. According to the United Nations Population Fund, about 100,000 women develop obstetric fistula every year. In Nigeria, almost 20,000 women develop obstetric fistula annually. However more than 400,000 women are currently living with this condition in the country as a result of poor access to hospitals and proper medical care. The United Nations Population Fund has supported free surgical repairs for over 6,000 women and girls living with fistula in Nigeria.

Obstetric Fistula is an abnormal opening between a woman’s genital tract and her urinary tract or rectum. Obstetric fistula is one of the major causes of maternal mortality especially amongst women in Asia, the Arab region and Sub-Sahara Africa. The opening can be as a result of obstructed labor. During obstructed labor the tissues between the woman’s vagina and her pubic bone are damaged by continuous pressure from the infant’s neck trapped in the birth canal. The damaged tissue later falls off leaving a hole between the vagina and urinary tract or rectum. Faeces and/or urine often leaks from this hole. Obstetric fistula may also be caused by cancer, radiation therapy or surgical complications.

Obstetric fistula can be treated mainly through surgical procedures. The success rate of surgically treating obstetric fistula is very high, above 90% in most cases. However in Nigeria over a large number of women are currently living with this condition. Women that suffer from obstetric fistula are often socially ostracized.

Obstetric fistula can be prevented by;

  • Delaying age of first pregnancy
  • Cessation of harmful traditional practices such as Female Genital Mutilation
  • Timely access to obstetric care.

No woman or girl should have to live with obstetric fistula.

At EL-RAPHA HOSPITALS AND DIAGNOSTICS we provide professional and affordable treatment for obstetric fistula. We are committed to the welfare of every woman an girl child and we join the rest of the world today in the fight against this “silent epidemic”.

Surrogacy in Abuja


In 1984, Dr. Oladapo Ashiru and his team successfully delivered the first baby via In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in Nigeria. This was six years after the birth of Louise Brown in 1978, the first baby in the world conceived via IVF. Over six million babies has been conceived using IVF. It is often looked upon as a last resort, when other forms of ART (Assisted Reproductive Techniques), has failed.


In Vitro Fertilization or IVF as it is more commonly referred to is a form of assisted reproductive technique. IVF helps with fertilization, embryo development and implantation. In IVF, fertilization takes place outside the body. The ovum (egg) is extracted from the female. A sperm sample is retrieved from the male also. The egg and the sperm sample is then manually combined in a laboratory. Once fertilization takes place and the embryo has developed to a certain stage, the embryo is the transferred to the uterus and in most cases normal development takes place and the female gives birth to a perfectly healthy baby.

IVF may be considered if either partners have been diagnosed with;

  • This is when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows in other places in the body outside the womb
  • Low sperm count
  • Antibody problems that harm sperm or eggs
  • Inability of sperm to penetrate or survive in the cervical mucus
  • Poor egg quality
  • An unexplained fertility problem etc.

In Nigeria tubal factors and low sperm count are the leading causes of infertility. One in four Nigerian couples experience infertility.

In earlier times children conceived through the IVF procedure were often referred to as “test tube babies”. One of the myths was that babies born via this procedure were often not “normal”. This is completely false.


IVF Success Rate

While the success rate with IVF is a little below 50%, this reduces as the female ages, the babies delivered are healthy and normal. To increase the chances of pregnancy, Doctors transfer 3-10 eggs back into the uterus depending on the age of the female, quality of the eggs etc.  Advances in technology has greatly improved the chances of IVF procedures making it safer and an option for couples finding it difficult to conceive.

Consult us at EL RAPHA HOSPITALS AND DIAGNOSTICS  which is on of the best fertility hospital in Nigeria today as we have a medical team of professionals that will offer guidance, support and professionalism should you opt for an IVF procedure.


To contact a patient or for patient room information, call: (+234) 909 888 9013, 90998889015

General: 8 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. Family members with an ID badge have 24-hour access to the hospital.


  • El-Rapha Hospitals and Diagnostics Plot #930 Salihu Iliyasu Street, Life Camp, Abuja, Nigeria.


A laparoscopy is a form of minimally invasive surgery. It gives a surgeon access to the inside of the abdomen and pelvis without the surgeon having to make large incisions in the abdomen. In gynecology a laparoscopy is used to diagnose and treat a range of diseases.

During a laparoscopy, a long thin tube with a high intensity light and a high resolution camera at the front called a LAPAROSCOPE is inserted in the abdomen. The laparoscope is inserted through an incision the abdomen. This incision is usually approximately 0.5 inches. The camera and high intensity light at the front of the laparoscope allows the surgeon to see inside the abdomen and the pelvis.


A laparoscopy can help to;

  • Diagnose and treat endometriosis, chronic pelvic pains and pelvic inflammatory diseases.
  • Diagnose causes of infertility
  • Treat urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse
  • Evaluate cancer of the ovary, uterus and cervix.

A laparoscopy can also be used to visualize organ damage.


A laparoscopy offers some benefits over normal open surgery. A laparoscopy is less painful than an open surgery. The incisions made are very minimal which reduces pain. Patients recover much faster after a laparoscopy than after normal open surgery. Recovery time takes between a day to a week depending on the reason for the surgery, patient and a few other factors. A laparoscopy also reduces the risk of infection. The small sizes of the incision reduces the chances of bacterial infections. Due to less time spent in the hospital, laparoscopy can also be cheaper than its open surgery counterpart.

Laparoscopy was first developed in the 1970s and the huge advances in technology has seen the procedure to become as effective as normal open surgery. Healthcare professionals around the world that minimally invasive surgeries such laparoscopy is the future of surgery.

At EL-RAPHA Hospitals and Diagnostics, with the latest in medical equipment and a host of experienced doctors and nurses, we offer laparoscopy as well as a range of other minimally invasive surgeries.


The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), recommends that girls have their first gynecology exam when they are between the ages of 13 and 15. However, most Nigerian females have their first gynecology exam during their first pregnancy. This sheds light on the amount of neglect the gynecology field in Nigeria faces. A hysteroscopy is one of many gynecological procedures every female should undergo.


Hysteroscopy is a form of minimal invasive surgery. It is a procedure that allows a gynecologist see inside the female’s uterus in order to diagnose and treat different problems.

A tiny telescope, called a hysteroscope , is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. The hysteroscope allows the surgeon to visualize the inside of the uterine cavity on a video monitor.

Why do you need to go for a hysteroscopy?

A hysteroscopy can be performed to investigate problems such as

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Pelvic pains
  • Repeated miscarriages
  • Difficulty getting pregnant.

In 2017, the maiden edition of the Global Congress on Hysteroscopy took place in Spain. A group of world experts in the field of gynecology came together to discuss hysteroscopy. They deemed the procedure important enough to hold a congress about it, a congress that is now being held every two years!

Dr. Okohue Jude, an expert Obstetrician/Gynecologist, a minimal access surgeon and fertility expert, who was the West African Sub-region representative at the maiden edition of the Global Congress on Hysteroscopy, stated that Hysteroscopy should be a routine office procedure. Also a three year project conducted by Research-gate between January 2003 and December 2005 concluded that, Hysteroscopy is a valuable tool in the assessment of the uterine cavity.

This just goes to prove that a hysteroscopy is very important, which is why at EL-RAPHA Hospitals and Diagnostics, with the latest in medical equipments and a host of experienced doctors and nurses, we offer a host of gynecological services including hysteroscopy.

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